«
»

WAR CIRCUS: A-Z LIST CIRCUS 1914-1918

The Famous Craggs. Mr Cragg reported that all his boys went to fight and that his act was not therefore available. We have found no further mention of them except an expression of regret that after the war the act was no more.

This list  was developed between 2016 and 2017.   We are happy to add to it – please contact us. 

CIRCUS & PERFORMING SHOW FOLK

Details are focused on events between 1914 and early 1919. Jobs or events after this time fall outside the scope of this project. Some individuals have both legal identity and performance identities. These multiple personas, as well as the difficulty of cross referencing multiple incomplete sources, may have resulted in some duplication.

 

KEY

 

SURNAME, Forenames, Rank/Title

Aka: Other names known as

Nationality: If not British/Irish

Born: Date, location

Married: Date location

Died: Date location

Cause O.D.: Cause of Death

Buried: Location of Burial or Memorial

Related to: Mainly set in relation to others on this list or parent

Job: Before war if known

Act: Name of circus troupe or artistic partnership &c.

1914-1918 Notes: Brief notes. More information may be contained in the Newspaper section.

Military No.: (No. = Number) The number relates either to the service number or regimental number, often supplied with an address.

If #? info is from Imperial War Museum Lives of the First World War online site, and may relate to the individual. If there are more than 1 possibility for a match then no information is added to this note.)

Regiment: or Service. A full list of WW1 abbreviations can be found online www.nationalarchives.gov.uk Ref: References are annotated as see bibliography for source codes page 158 and 159.

B = Bibliography Ref (see codes page 158 and 159)

D = Page number from Dictionary of Circus Biography

F = Family source, name

N = Newspaper with Newspaper Name and Date (day/month/year). Dates relate to publication date. Note: some entries will correspond to dates to War Circus Newspapers.

O = Online source,

( Note: all data was collected by research team unfortunately as a result some references have been mislaid and remain blank.)

X = Other

 

LIST

  

AEROS

Job: 3x Aerialists

1914-1918 Notes: Called up

Ref: N. Hull Daily Mail 4/8/14

 

AFLANA, Basil

Nationality: Russian

Born: 18 July 1891

Job: Acrobat

Act: Alfana Brothers

1914-1918 Notes: Joined the White Russian army in 1917 but was injured and discharged in Shanghai. Joined the Bostock Circus (Royal Italian) and toured with them in Far East.

Ref: D. p2.

 

ALPINE, Charles

Job: Wire Walkers

Act: Alpine Troupe, x5 in troupe

1914-1918 Notes: With Sells-Floto Buffalo Bill for 1914/15 season.

Ref: O.

 

ANDERSON, Ernie

Job: Clown

1914-1918 Notes: Working In America. Mentioned by Fred Bradna, in feud with German Bear Trainer, Emil Pallenberg.

Ref: B. (B F)

Eugene Anderson, 4/9/1915
©Photo reproduced by kind permission of
The World’s Fair Ltd.

 

ANDERSON, Eugene

Related to: Son of Madame Gitana, English Strong Lady

1914-1918 Notes: 1915 serving on HMS Grafton, Formerly on HMS Ganges.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 4/9/15 (photo)

 

ANDREU, Jose

Nationality: Spanish

Born: 23 April 1895, Cubellas, Catalonia

Died: 1980

Job: Acrobat, Clown, Aerialist

1914-1918 Notes: in 1914 left France for Spain, joined Cortez Circus Then Valencia Circus. With his father started Circo Reina-Victoria and travelled throughout Spain, 1916 in Madrid. Started clowning as Charlie Rivels.

Ref: D.p246

 

Anita the Doll Lady, © National Fairground Collection, University of Sheffield Library, National Fairground and Circus Archive.

“ANITA”

Aka: Anita The Living Doll

Nationality: Hungarian

Born: 1882

Act: Small Lady

1914-1918 Notes: Toured with British Showman Frank Bostock.

Ref: Multiple N. Hull Daily Mail, 10/10/14

 

ARLEY

Job: Animal Trainer

1914-1918 Notes: performed in 1914 at the Blackpool Tower circus with a troup of acrobatic and footballing dogs.

Ref: D. p12

 

ARRO

Job: Aerial

Act: Arro Brothers

1914-1918 Notes: Performed with Hannefords 1914.

 

ASHBY,

Aka: Happy Ashby

Job: Juggler and Circus Artiste

1914-1918 Notes: Took 4 months to get back to Britain from Peking after extensive tour.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 26/12/14

 

“ATLAS”

See: Rokis

 

AUSTIN, Albert

Aka: Albert Bandbox Austin

Born: 1872

Related to: Son of Geo. & Emma

Act: Clown

1914-1918 Notes: Ran Ginnett’s Circus until war started.

Ref: D. p16

 

AUSTIN, Alby

Born: 1903

Related to: Son of Albert Bandbox

Job: August (type of clown)

1914-1918 Notes: Debut 1916 in Frank Bostock’s Circus, 2 Seasons.

 

AUSTIN, (BROTHERS – Charles, George, Harry)

Aka: Austin Brothers

Born: (Harry 1872)

Died: ( Harry 1919)

Related to: Sons of Geo. & Emma

Act: Equestrian & Clowns

1914-1918 Notes: Circus closed 1915 due to war.

Ref: D. p16

 

Francis Bailey 20/2/1915
© Photo reproduced by kind permission of
The World’s Fair Ltd.

BAILEY, Francis

Related to: Nephew of F.C Bostock and R Fosset Jnr

1914-1918 Notes: In Armed forces at Colchester in early 1915

Regiment: Royal Field Artillery

Ref: N. The World’s Fair 20/2/15 (photo), 28/8/15

 

BAILEY, Gordon

Related to: Brother of Francis Bailey

1914-1918 Notes: In Armed forces at Colchester in early 1915

Regiment: Royal Field Artillery

Ref: N. The World’s Fair 20/2/15 (photo) and 28/8/15

 

BALE, Arthur Percy

     Aka: Young Tyko Menia

Born: 6th Dec 1895, Paddington

Died: 17 Oct 1916

Related to: Father Frank Bale, Clown at Bognor

1914-1918 Notes: C. 1913 he joined the 2/9th Cyclist Battalion. He volunteered on 27 Oct 1915 in Southampton aged 19 yrs. 10 months. Arthur was at Beaumont Hamel on 1 July; his regiment at St John’s Rd in reserve and then in Mary Redan Trench. On 27 July they were sent from Candas to the Ypres sector but brought back on 7 Oct to the Somme. By 11 Oct they were in trenches south of Gueudecourt and on 12 Oct they were in support during the attack on the Hilt Trench. On 18 Oct they attacked Grease Trench and their objective was taken and held. The conditions were terrible in the trenches and they were not relieved until 20 October.

Regiment: Private in the 2nd Battalion Hampshire, 88th Brigade, 29th Division. Regiment.

Ref: F. Karen Nesbitt

 

BALE, Edwin George

Born: 1876 in Blackburn,

Married: Florrie Gardiner 1914

Related to: Son of Edwin Bale Sr from Isle of Wight, cousin to Frank Bale.

Job: Trapeze & Cycling Act

Act: Yokohama Troupe

1914-1918 Notes: Performing

Ref: D. p22

 

BANVARD, Billy

Nationality: American

Born: b.1865 America

Married: 1914

Died: 1951

Related to: Billy Founder of Barnvards

Job: Aerialists

Act: Flying Banvards

1914-1918 Notes: Performed at Tower Circus

Ref: D. p25

 

BARLOW, Peter W

Died: age 48 1917

Job: Bareback rider, elephant man etc

1914-1918 Notes: Performing

Ref: N. NY Clipper, 23/6/17

 

BARNUM, Lce_Cpl.

1914-1918 Notes: Injured, Mule kick to face.

Regiment: 1915, 23rd Division Train, 191st Co. Army Service Corps.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 27/2/15 and 28/8/15

 

BARNUM, F Cpl.

1914-1918 Notes: Injured, France, 1915.

Regiment: A.S.C.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 16/10/15

 

BEAN, Arthur

Born: 22 Nov 1894, Kent

Died: 24 April 1961

Job: Circus Agent & Zoo Keeper

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 was in New Zealand, joined Army, was discharged due to bad eyesight, returned to Britain and worked at Remount Depot, Upminster.

Ref: D. p29

 

BEAUMONT, Henry, Pte.

1914-1918 Notes: Serving France,

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 27/10/17 (letter)

 

BECKETT, Charlie

Born: 1895

Job: Tumbler, Rider, etc

1914-1918 Notes: 1915 with Broncho Bills Circus in the Black Country

Ref: D. p29

 

BECKETT, Joe

Born: 4 May 1892

Died: 12 March 1965

Act: Boxer

1914-1918 Notes: During war he served in the Royal Flying Corps as an air mechanic, and boxed professionally throughout, re joined the circus after.

Ref: D. p30; O. NFCA

 

BELL BROTHERS CIRCUS

Related to: Amelia Bell – To Arthur Feely

1914-1918 Notes: The Bell family (19 members) were travelling to Europe having fled the Mexican revolution, to perform when the war broke out. They fled back to latin America via the Panama Canal

Ref: O. Obituary (ref lost)

 

BELL, Dickey

Married: Alice

Died: 7 Feb 1939

Job: Acrobat & all rounder

1914-1918 Notes: In 1914 he attempted to sign up but was rejected on account of his many broken bones. His wife had to step into the act to replace his partner who went to war.

Ref: D. p30

 

BELL, George

Nationality: African American

Job: Giant, 7’11”, 350 lbs

1914-1918 Notes: went to enlist, had to have 2 cots, enrolled as two men so could get double rations, rejected.

 

BELLINI, Jim

Born: Norway?

Job: All rounder

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 with Poole and Boscos Circus in Ireland

Ref: D. p31

 

BERNARD, Bert

Act: Karno’s “Mumming Birds”

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 in Germany, Interned in Rulheben Camp.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 26/2/1

 

Driver B. Biddall 13/7/1918
©Photo reproduced by kind permission of
The World’s Fair Ltd.

BIDDALL, Benny

1914-1918 Notes: 1916-1918 Service,

Military No.: 36404

Regiment: 19th Lancashire Fusiliers, transport section, B.E.F.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 13/6/18 and 13/7/18

 

BIDDALL, H

Pte H. Biddall 13/7/1918
©Photo reproduced by kind permission of
The World’s Fair Ltd.

1914-1918 Notes: Serving France in 1918

Military No.: 018191

Regiment: 109 S Co., Army Ordinance Corps, A.O.P., No. 4, B.E.F.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 13/7/18

 

BIDDALL, James Freeman

Born: 1860

Job: Circus Proprietor, Biddall’s Circus

1914-1918 Notes: Biddall’s Circus performing in St. Andrews in 1914

 

BIRCH, Charles, Pte.

Charles Birch 16/11/1918
© Photo reproduced by kind permission of
The World’s Fair Ltd.

Job: Midget Shows

1914-1918 Notes: Served.

Military No.: 179025

Regiment: 21st Platoon, “C” Co. 20 hut, “M” Lines, F., Machine Gun Corps.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 16/11/8

 

BLUMENFELD, Adolf

Nationality: German

1914-1918 Notes: Serving with German Army.

Ref: B. (O,M)

 

BLUMENFELD, Alex

Nationality: German

1914-1918 Notes: Killed while serving with German Army.

Ref: B. (O M)

 

BLUMENFELD, Arthur

Nationality: German

1914-1918 Notes: Served in German Army, Awarded Iron Cross.

Ref: B. (O M)

 

BLUMENFELD, Eugen

Nationality: German

1914-1918 Notes: Served in German Army, Awarded Iron Cross.

Ref: B. (O M)

 

BLUMENFELD, Leo

Nationality: German

1914-1918 Notes: Serving with German Army.

Ref: B. (O M)

 

BLUMENFELD, Sophia Gottieben

Nationality: German

1914-1918 Notes: long time British resident, In court for travelling without permit, Aliens Act.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 3/8/18

 

BONAVITA, Jack, Captain

Died: 23 March 1917, Polar Bear attack, America.

Ref: N. NY Clipper, 28/3/17

 

BOSTOCK, Alexander Gordon

Alexander Gordon Bostock

Born: 22 Feb 1885

Married: Oct 1918 Elvyn Margaret (b. 1899) Tendring Essex

Died: 12 Jan 1919

Cause O.D.: Pneumonia in the Military Hospital in Dovercourt (3 days before de-mob.

Burried: Ipswich, Suffolk

Related to: 3rd son of E.H. Bostock ( 2nd son died in infancy)

Job: Manager Ipswich Hippodrome

1914-1918 Notes: 15 May 1915 enlisted as gunner, 7 Sept 1916 commissioned to Essex & Suffolk Regiment RGA, 1 Feb 1917 promoted to Lieutenant.

Regiment: Royal Garrison Artillery, A&S Highlanders, and Royal Scots

Ref: B. (B EH); D. p39; O. B

 

BOSTOCK, Arthur Douglas Fairgreave

Born: 13 August 1887

Married: Violet Selina (b. 1889)

Died: 17 July 1963

Related to: 4th son of E.H. Bostock

1914-1918 Notes: He was put in charge of his Father’s circus, Bostock’s Royal Italian Circus, in 1913. He took it to South Africa in November 1914, then on to Calcutta, Bombay, Madras, Java 1917 etc basing in Singapore. He could not return circus to Britain after the war, eventually returning in 1922.

Ref: B. (B EH); D. p40; O. B

 

BOSTOCK, Claude William

Born: 17 Jan 1891

Died: 29 Oct 1970

Related to: Son of J.W. Bostock

Job: Artiste

1914-1918 Notes: To New York on 10 Jan 1914 on Caronia, at outbreak of war, worked with brother Gordon as a Vaudeville Agent, registered for service 5 June 1917.

Ref: O. B

 

BOSTOCK. Edward Henry

EH Bostock & family (Bostocks Circus)

Born: 19 Oct 1858

Married: Elizabeth Bostock, Cousin 1881

Died: 17 Sept 1940

Buried: Hillfooot Cemetery, Bearsden, Strathclyde

Related to: Son of James (1814) & Emma Bostock

Job: Circus & Menagerie Proprietor

1914-1918 Notes: Managed businesses in Bostock & Wombell’s Menagerie, Zoo buildings in Glasgow and various Hippodromes, while family served or were abroad, buildings requisitioned at times by military, Became J.P.

Ref: B. (B EH); O. B

 

BOSTOCK, Edward Henry Augustus “Gus”

Born: 4 June 1882, Le Mans

Married: 1927 Elizabeth Little (b.1891)

Died: 5 August 1943

Related to: 1st son of E.H. Bostock

1914-1918 Notes: Served, survived

Regiment: A.S.C.

Ref: B. (B EH); O. B

 

BOSTOCK, John Reginald “Jack”

Born: 22 Feb 1889

Married: 17 June 1915, Jean (b. 1 Aug 1894)

Died: 22 Dec 1920

Cause O.D.: Car Accident

Related to: 4th son of E.H. Bostock

Job: Menagerist & Manager Bostock & Wombwell’s, also champion cyclist & rollerskater

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 responsible for family menagerie, applied exemption Feb 1917, denied Joined March 1917, Motor Transport, De-mobbed 1919 reaching rank of lieutenant.

Regiment: R.A.S.C.

Ref: B. (B EH); N. The World’s Fair 3/2/17; O. B

 

Frank Bostock c. 1907 Photo: Helen Averley

BOSTOCK, Frank

Related to: Cousin to E.H. Bostock

Job: Big Cats & Circus Proprietor

1914-1918 Notes: In France at outbeak of war with circus, had to escape to England, Continued touring with circus once all equipment arrived from France. Managed Bostock & Wombwell’s after Jack Bostock joined army. Invested £17,000 in War Loans.

Ref: B. (B EH); O. B

 

BOSTOCK, James William

Born: 27 Aug 1855

Married: Susannah Julia ( b 1855)

Died: 18 Dec 1919

Buried: Abney Park Cemetery, Stoke Newington

Related to: Elder brother to E.H. Bostock

Job: Menagerist & Showman

1914-1918 Notes: discharged from his bankruptcy in 1914. Continued through war to present novelties,

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 23/12/16; O. B

 

BOSWELL, Claude

Related to: Boswell’s Circus, S.Africa

1914-1918 Notes: Joined up British Army 1914 in Pietermaritzberg.

Ref: B. (R C)

 

BOSWELL’S CIRCUS BAND

Nationality: German

Job: Musicians

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 Interned in South Africa at outset of war, allowed to play one more show.

Ref: B. (R C)

 

Edna Bradna – until 1917 performed in Barnam and Bailey’s Centre Ring.

BRADNA, Ella

Nationality: Hungarian/Naturalised American

Married: Fred

1914-1918: Helped secure acts with Husband for Ringling. Performed throughout war in America.

Ref: B. (B F)

 

BRADNA, Fred

Fred Bradna


Nationality: Alsatian/German/Naturalised American

Married: Ella

1914-1918 Notes: 1913 seeing war on the horizon, went to Europe to scout for acts to bring to America. Performed as Equestrian Director for Ringling. See Biography.

Ref: B: (B F)

 

BRATBY, Richard “Dick”, RSM

Aka: Dick Sandow, The Young Sandow, note: Surname often spelled as Bratley

Married: Carrie Fossett 26 Sept 1917

Died: 1957, Northampton

Related to: Tom Sandow ( youngest son)

Job: Strongman, Acrobat, Equestrian

Act: American Swells

1914-1918 Notes: In British Armed Services, Gassed at Somme, after hospital return to Britain, was PT instructor Catterick, toured with wife in 1918 with Duffy’s Circus in Ireland, survived the war.

Military No.: L/31408

Regiment: 177 Brigade, R.F.A.

Ref: D. p.256; N. The World’s Fair, 7/8/15 and 29/9/17; F. Tom Sandow (son)

 

BRAUN, Emile Otto

Aka: Paul Cinquevalli

Nationality: Prussian/Naturalised British

Born: 1859, Possen, Poland

Died: Summer 1918, Brixton

1914-1918 Notes: Ostracised as alien resulting in “broken heart”, and death.

Act: Juggler

Ref: B. (W D); N. NY Clipper 17/7/18

 

‘BRICK”

See: GALANTE, Marius

 

BRUNNER, Fritz

Nationality: German

Job: Animal Trainer

1914-1918 Notes: 1918 working in America, Not allowed to travel now that America at War. New regulations enemy workers have to put up $1000 bond, in order to travel.

Ref: N. NY Clipper, 24/4/18

 

BURNS, John

Job: Bostock’s Circus man.

1914-1918 Notes: Rifleman Burns, injured ( back & both legs) in a big push at Loos Sept 25,1915. In Military Hospital Hillsbrough Barracks, Sheffield.

Military Service #: 12147

Regiment: K.R.R.C.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 27/11/15

 

BURRAGE, Douglas

Aka: Butch Renyolds

Job: Circus after the war

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 joined, served 3 years in France, wounded and promoted to Lieutenant.

Regiment: Canadian Field Artillery

Ref: D. p241

 

“CAMILLO”

Nationality: Belgian

Born: 1896 Brussels

Job: Clown at Carré’s Circus

1914-1918 Notes: His German master Fernando went to war.

Ref: B. (F F)

 

CASHMORE, Martha

Born: 1870

Died: 1 Sept 1957

Related to: Daughter of Ike Cashmore

Job: Equestrienne

1914-1918 Notes: Performed throughout war with Frank Browns Circus in Copenhagen in 1914, Warington 1917, in Glasgow for winter 1916/17 with Henglers Circus performing with Joe Craston’s horse and dogs act. 1917 Birmingham Hippodrome, 1918 Tower Circus Blackpool.

Ref: D. p52

 

CASTANG, Reuben

Reuben Castang “Boss” election campaign at Ruhleben Camp Berlin.

Aka: The Ape Man

Born: 1870s

Job: Animal Man, especially Chimps

Act: Chimps: Max & Moritz

1914-1918 Notes: Caught up in Europe at start of War Interned Ruhleben Camp Berlin 1914-1918, was leader inside camp, released just before end of war, returned to work for friend Lorenz Hagenbeck at Stellingen

Ref: B. (T R); D. p52

 

CASTANINA, Joe

Aka: Fire King or Human Ostrich

Died: 1918 age 76

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 9/2/18

 

CHADWICK, Henry

Aka: Henry Hazenberg

Job: Circus Proprietor

1914-1918 Notes: Sued Francis Carvell who had taken one of his horses in 1914, at court in April 1915

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 3/4/15

 

CHAPLAIN, Charlie

Married: 1918

1914-1918 Notes: Lived in America, made many films throughout war, including “Soldier to Arms” about the trenches, the ‘Tommies’ liked it. 1917 registered for service in British Army, while in America. Helped sell War Bonds.

Ref: B. (C C) N. The World’s Fair, 4/8/17

 

Driver, F. Charlton 10/11/1917
©Photo reproduced by kind permission of
The World’s Fair Ltd.

CHARLTON, F, Driver

1914-1918 Notes: In India 1917

Military info: 231641, Royal Field Artillery Reinforcements, R.H., R.G.A. Base Depot, India

Ref; N. The World’s Fair, 10/11/17 (photo)

 

CHIPPERFIELD, Carrie

1914-1918 Notes: Injured 1915 fall at work.Run over by waggons both legs broken.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 16/10/15

 

CHIPPERFIELD, James

1914-1918 Notes: Injured 1914 fall at work. Fell off waggon.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 5/12/14

 

CHIPPERFIELD, William

1914-1918 Died age 68

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 13/1/17

 

“CHOCOLAT”

See: PADILLA, Rafael

 

CLARK, Captain

Died: 1914

 

CLARK, H.H

Job: With Bostock’s in America

1914-1918 Notes: Joined British Army 1917.

Ref: N. NY Clipper, 21/7/17

 

“CLICO”, Wild Dancing Bushman

See: TAIBOSH, Franz

 

CLOWES, George

Aka: Lord George Clowes

Job: Circus Proprietor, Brighton

1914-1918 Notes: 1916 exemption denied, Served, wounded in back & chest in Belgium August 2017.

Ref:. N. The World’s Fair, 7/10/16 and 21/8/17

 

COCHRAN, Charles Blake

Aka: “Cockie” Cochran

Born: 1872 Sussex

Married: Evelyn Dade

Died: Feb 1951

Job: Circus Manager

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 He presented Hagenbecks Zoo and Wonder Circus in England which was a great success but had to stop at outbreak of war.

Ref: D. p61

 

“COCO THE CLOWN”

See: POLIAKOFF, Nicholai

 

CODY, Samuel Franklin Leslie, 2nd Lt

Aka: ‘Frankie’

Born: 7 Sept.1895 Bazel

Married: Maude Helier, 1913 in secret

Died: 23 January 1917

Related to: Son of Col. Samuel Franklin Cody and Elizabeth King nee Davis.

Act Child performer in parents acts and onstage in fathers’ melodrama ‘Viva, a Woman of War.’

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 enlisted with Kings’ Own Rifle Corps, Oct 1914 to Royal Field Artillery, 19 June 1915 to Royal Flying Corps. Pilot licence no. 1797 issued 28 Sept 1915 at British Flying School, France. 10 Oct 1916 commissioned 2nd Lieut. P17479. Sept 1916 became a flying officer n Royal Flying Corps 41 Squadron. Jan 1917 he was shot down in his plane, FE8 7613, during a dogfight by Lnt W. von Bülow-Bothkamp of Jasta 18. His body was found at Houlthulst. German grave number 826A. This is possibly the first recorded instance where both a father and a son were killed in the air piloting a plane.

Ref: O. IWM & Wikipedia

 

COLEMAN, Charlie

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 with Frank Bostock and caught up at outbreak of war on continent. 2 trips to Canada with Harry Clark collecting horses for Army. France, contracted paralysis right arm and leg.

Regiment: Army Service Corps

Ref: The World’s Fair, 23/6/17

COLEMAN, George Sanger

Related to: Grandson of Geo.Sanger

1914-1918 Notes: Performing in America and South Africa.

Ref: D. p63

 

CONNOR, Douglas

Born: 1897 Isle of Man

Died: 5 Feb 1991

Related to: Son of Frederick J Connor

Job: Rider & Clown, Proprietor Connor’s Grand Circus

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 his father’s horses were requisitioned by the army, so family moved to Blackpool tower circus. Father became ring master while he and Mona rode there. 1918 worked for Sylvester’s Circus.

Ref: D. p65

 

CONNOR, Eileen

Born: 31 July 1906

Married: George Pinder 1942

Related to: Daughter of Fred Connor

1914-1918 Notes: At school in Dublin until taken away by her mother after the Easter rising of 1916. Then rodeo with the family at Blackpool tower circus 1916-18

Ref: D. p65

 

CONNOR, Frederick “Fred” J

Born: 1865, Dublin

Died: 7 Nov 1924, Blackpool

Job: Acrobat and proprietor 1914-1918 Notes: Pat Collin’s Circus reopened Douglas in 1914 travelled the kingdom with beautiful daughter Mona, 1914 horses were requisitioned by the army, had to close his circus in Feb 1915 and remained closed during war. Family moved to Blackpool Tower Circus, became ring master in absence of George Lockhear. Presented a circus programme at ‘Easter Week’ 1916 in Blackpool and family performed 1917-18

Ref: D. p65

 

CONNOR, Mona

Born: 1896

Died: 4 feb 1969

Related to: Daughter of Fred Connor

Act: One of best bareback riders of her generation, trained by Johnny Watson, performed tricks whilst standing on the horse backwards.

1914-1918 Notes: Performed with Brother Douglas and Connors Circus, Blackpool 1916

Ref: D. p65

 

COOK, JA Pte

Aka: The Colonel

Married: Madame Zaza

1914-1918 Notes: Joined up 1914, Served Dardenelles, Egypt, India, Killed in action 1916.

Military No.: 11376

Regiment: 10th Batt. “B” K.O.R.L.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 27/5/16

 

COOKE, Edgar

Married: Iona Ginnett

1914-1918 Notes: enlisted

Ref: D. p68

 

COOKE, Douglas

Born: 8 July 1897 Aberdeen

Related to: Brother of William

Job: Equestrian

1914-1918 Notes: Enlisted – served in Italy and France breaking in mules.

Ref: D. p69

 

COOKE, Hubert

1914-1918 Notes: Enlisted – Killed Odessa 1917

Ref: D. p69

 

COOKE, John Henry

Died: Edinburgh age 81 1917

Ref: The World’s Fair, 24/8/17

 

COOKE, J. William

Died: early 1915

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 10/4/15

 

COOKE, William Talbot

Born: c. 1874 Ireland

Died: 20 Sept 1948 Edinburgh

Job: Equestrian Jester

1914-1918 Notes: Exempted from War service – toured with Johnny “Broncho Bill” Swallow Circus

Ref: D. p69

 

CORDONA, Alfredo

Nationality: Mexican

Born: 7 Oct 1893 Hermosillo, Sonora Mexico

Married: Clara Curtain 1917

Related to: Son of Edward Cordona a Mexican circus proprietor

Job: Aerialist and equestrian events director.

1914-1918 Notes: Was with Wirth’s Circus, Australia, in 1913 and when war broke out, then several seasons with Barnum and Bailey. Joined a troupe of 14 aerialists in 1916 “Silbon Troupe”, had his own act in 1917 with brother Allow.

Ref: D. p62

 

COSTELLO, Jock

Born: 1886

Job: Acrobat Clown

1914-1918 Notes: Served in Navy During the War

Ref: D. p69

 

The Famous Craggs. Mr Cragg reported that all his boys went to fight and that his act was not therefore available. We have found no further mention of them except an expression of regret that after the war the act was no more.

CRAGGS, (Brothers) Billy, J.W., E.T., J.A., J.H., A.E.,

Aka: THE FAMOUS CRAGGS

Act: Acrobatic Troupe

1914-1918 Notes: Act had to close in 1916 when all the sons x7 joined up. Act was decimated by war. (not sure how many killed). No act after war.

Ref: B. (S E); N. The World’s Fair;

 

CRASTON, Joe

Born: 15 May 1868

Died: 9 Oct 1948

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during the war, including at Birmingham Hippodrome

Ref: D. p71; N. The World’s Fair, 31/3/17

 

CRECRAFT, William

Job: Circus Follower

1914-1918 Notes: Rounded up at Broncho Bill’s showground 14 Aug 1917, in court & handed over to Millitary.

Ref: N. Reading Mercury, 25/8/17

 

CROSS, W Simpson

Born: 1872

Died: 1920

Job: Animal Man

1914-1918 Notes: Menagerie at Otterspool opened just before the war, 1916 his gardens opened for the season, with buffalo & llamas

Ref: D. p73

 

CULEEN, Thomas Henry

Born: 1871

Died: 25 July 1960

Job: Equestrian

1914-1918 Notes: Served in France

Regiment: Veterinary Corps,

Ref: D. p74

 

DALE, Albert

Albert Wamba Dale 1901 © Colin Dale

     Aka: Albert Wamba

Born: 28 Feb 1873, Oldham

Married: 1897 Martha Blackmore, Gymnast, died 1912

Died: 1966

Related to: Son of Harry Dale, jester & musical clown

Job: Musician, Acrobat

Act: Les Wambas

1914-1918 Notes: Performing with daughter, Mercia.

1914 – 1916. Volunteered 18 April 1916 at Drill Hall Edinburgh, Royal Scots, played in Batallion’s Military band, discharged 28 July 1916, due to age. Returned to aerial act with Mercia performed across Britain.

Military No.: 4776

Regiment: 3/9 Battalion, Royal Scots,

Ref: B. (D C); F. Colin Dale

 

DALE, Harry

Harry Wamba Dale 1901 © Colin Dale

Aka: Harry Wamba

Born: 26 Jan 1875, Oldham

Married: 1899 Jane Levin

Died: 1957

Related to: Son of Harry Dale, jester & musical clown.

1914-1918 Notes: Volunteered 11 August 1915, Edinburgh ,3/9 Battalion, Royal Scots, promoted to Band Corporal Nov 1915, played in Battalion’s Military Band with Brother’s, discharged 28 July 1916, due to age.

Regiment: Royal Scots,

Ref: B. (D C); F. Colin Dale

 

DALE, Stanley Henry

Born: 1880

Married: 19 Feb 1916 Eva Morrison

Related to: Son of Harry Dale, jester & musical clown

Job: Circus Musician

1914-1918 Notes: With Ohmy Circus band Dec 1914, joined up on 29th April 3/9 Battalion, Royal Scots, played in Battalion’s Military Band with brothers & never shot in anger, de-mobbed Feb 1919. Returned to wife stressed by looking after 3 sons, the 2 eldest sons Harry & Jack enlisted, his wife took to the bottle, He, left for London looking for work in 1818.

Regiment: Royal Scots,

Ref: B. (D C); F. Colin Dale

 

DALE, Dorothy Mercia Victoria

Mercia Wamba Dale 1915 aged around 15 – © Colin Dale

Aka: Mercia Wamba Dale

Born: 10 November 1889

Married: 1923

Died: 1960

Related to: Daughter of Albert Wamba Dale

Job: Acrobat & musical artiste

Act: Les Wambas

1914-1918 Notes: Performing with father 1throughout war except for 3 month period when her father was in the Army. After War soon stopped performing.

Ref: B. (D C); F. Colin Dale

 

DAPLYN, W.J

1914-1918 Notes: Armed Forces, 1915.

Regiment: Royal Engineers

Ref: N. Billboard, 10/7/15

 

DAVIES, Jim

Job: Clown & Actor

1914-1918 Notes: Audio file www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/8009535

Content unknown

Ref: O. IWM

 

DAYTON

1914-1918 Notes: Dayton family fled to America

Ref: D. p79

 

DEER, Lewis, Chief,

Nationality: Cheyenne / American

1914-1918 Notes: Caught out in Europe at the start of the war.

Ref: N. El Passo Herald

 

DEITRICH, Emerson

Nationality: American

Died: 1914,

Cause O.D.: Mauled by fiancé, Adige Costello’s, lions in America.

Ref: X. Facebook, Chris Berry

 

DEMAGNETISE, Patrick

1914-1918 Notes: In British Armed Services

Regiment: 17th Lancers

Ref: D. p79

 

DELBOSQ, Alfred

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during war in Germany

Ref: D. p79

 

DICK, F., Pte

Job: Circus proprietor

Relation: Son of Nathaniel Dick

1914-1918 Notes: Served France

Military No.: 6064,

No. 9 Platoon, “C” Co., 1/6 Black Watch, B.E.F., France

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 31/3/17 (photo)

 

DICK, Henry, Pte

Relation: Brother of F

Job: Circus proprietor

1914-1918 Notes: Served

Regiment: “B” Co., 5th Platoon, Black Watch, B.E.F., France

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 15/9/17 (photo)

 

DOLBEAR, Thomas E

Job: Circus Follower

1914-1918 Notes: Rounded up at Broncho Bill’s show ground 14 Aug 1917, in court & handed over to Millitary.

Ref: N. Reading Mercury, 25/8/17

 

DOLMAN, William, Sgt.

Died: 1917

Job: Boxer

1914-1918 Notes: Killed by shell in France, serving with the Canadian Entrenching Battalions.

Ref: N. Belper News, 2/6/17

 

“DOODLES”

See: McALLISTER, W.L.

 

DOYLE, James

Aka: Frederick Lewis

Born: 1865 Wexford

Died: 4 June 1952

1914-1918 Notes: With Duffy’s Various Circuses – “The Highest Paid Man in the Business”

Ref: D. p169

 

DRAKE, Furno

Job: Circus business manager

1914-1918 Notes: Served 2 yrs 9 mths inc Ypres, and a 1918 Christmas pantomime, Cinderella. Returned to work with J Sanger. 1918

Regiment: 65th Brigade. RGA

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 26/3/18

 

DRESHER, Sylvia Genevre Bonita

Aka: Bonita Dash

Nationality: Australian? Anglo/Spanish Descent

Married: 1913 William Lee, Kennington

Act: Sharp Shooter

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 in Australia with husband. 1915-16 touring S Africa and India with Royal Italian Circus billed as “Bonita and Billy Lee”. 1917 returned to Australia

Ref: D. p75

 

DUFFY, John

Born: 1 Oct 1875

Married: Janie McCandish

1914-1918 Notes: Family remained together as Duffy Family Circus, performing in Ireland, 1917 the show split into three parts. John set off with his own circus, End of successful tour announced World’s Fair. 1918

Ref: D. p87 and p88; N. The World’s Fair, 26/10/18

 

DUFFY, James

Born: 1884

Died: 1971

1914-1918 Notes: Family remained together as Duffy Family Circus, performing in Ireland, 1917 the show split into three parts. James set off with his sister Elizabeth McClean, Duffy & McClean’s Circus.

Ref: D. p87 and p88

 

DUFFY, Elizabeth

Born: 1880 Stratford, London

Married: McClean

Related to: James Duffy brother

1914-1918 Notes: 1917 Set out with brother James Duffy as Duffy & McClean’s Circus.

Ref: D. p87 and p88

 

“DUNCAN” Patterson, John

Job: Animal Trainer

Act: Duncan’s Royal Scotch Collies

1914-1918 Notes: Performed with a famous dog act – 1915 at Tower Circus, Blackpool, 1917-18 Hengler’s Circus Glasgow.

Ref: D. p89

 

ELLIOT (family)

1914-1918 Notes: Cyclists During the War

Ref: D. p92

 

Van EMDEN, Max

Nationality: Dutch

1914-1918 Notes: c. June 1916 became performance parter for Grock.

Ref: B. (G)

 

ENOS, George & Mary

1914-1918 Notes: 1915 sailed from America to S America for 3 year contract.

Ref: N. Billboard, 6/11/15

 

ENOS, George & Mary

1914-1918 Notes: 1915 sailed from America to S America for 3 year contract.

Ref: N. Billboard, 6/11/15

 

ENOS, Rue

1914-1918 Notes: Joined Yankee Robinson Circus 1917

Ref: N. NY Clipper, 21/7/17

 

ESSANGEY, Joseph

Nationality: Parents Mexican

Job: Lion Tamer

1914-1918 Notes: Charged with being Absentee, handed over to authorities

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 23/9/16

 

“ETHARDO” HICKS, Thomas

Married: Edith Rouse, Yarmouth

Job: Flying gymnast

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 with George Sangar’s Circus at outbreak. working with Frank Foster and Jimmy Freeman. Arrested 11/12/1915, Living at 27 Cambridge Street Wellinbrough, Did anti-aircraft training.

Regiment: ? RGA 124955 or 38?

Ref: B. (F F) Ref: O. British-genealogy, ‘chat’ thread

 

EVANS, Frederick William

Aka: “Pimple” the Clown

Born: 1889

Died: 1951

Related to: Son of the original Pimple Fred Evans

Ref: D. p93

 

EVANS, John Richard

Aka: Riskit Jack

Born: Manchester

Died: 1955

Job: Wire Walker & Clown

1914-1918 Notes: Performed trapeze act with wife, 1916 joined up, served France, & entertained troops. Wife died just after war.

Regiment: Kings Regiment

Ref: D. p243

 

EVERS, J

Aka: Jungle Jack

Job: Animal Trainer

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 on tour in South America with Chimps, returns to UK before April 1915

Ref: N. The World’s Fair,

 

FANQUE Darby, Edward “Ted”

See: PABLO, Edward

 

Arthur Feely c.1893-1900

FEELY, Arthur

Married: Catherine

Died: 1955 Bromley

Cause O.D.: Cancer

Related to: Bell Family

Job: Animal man, elephants

1914-1918 Notes: Volunteered 25 November 1915, worked with horses, served in France, wounded in right leg, discharged 1917 with limited pension. Returned to Bostock & Wombwell’s Menagerie 26 May 1917

Military No.: 3653

Ref: F. Geoff Younger (G. Grandson)

 

FISHER, Alexander E

Job: Circus Staff

1914-1918 Notes: Rounded up at Broncho Bill’s show ground 14 Aug 1917. In court for failing to produce National Registration Cards as between 17 and 18 years.

Ref: N. Reading Mercury, 25/8/17

 

FLEXMORE, Albert

Born: Birmingham

Job: Ringmaster/Agent

1914-1918 Notes: Served, injured in Egypt, in hospital in Birmingham 1917, returned to circus

Military No.: 38094

Regiment: Royal Bucks Hussars

Ref: D. p98; N. The World’s Fair, 15/12/17

 

FOOTTIT, George,

Nationality:

Born: 1864

Died: 1921

Job: Clown

Act: Partner Chocolat

1914-1918 Notes: Worked for Théâtre aux Armées, the entertainment branch of the French military, performing for the troops ( made him cry). In 1916, he appeared in a revue by Rip (Georges-Gabriel Thenon, 1884-1941), L’école des civils, at the Théâtre de l’Athénée in Paris.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, O. CP

 

FORT, Alice

Married: George Sanger Coleman

1914-1918 Notes: Spent war touring with husband

Ref: D. p99

Pte Alf. Fossett 13/10/1917
©Photo reproduced by kind permission of
The World’s Fair Ltd.

 

FOSSETT, Alf

1914-1918 Notes: Served France 1917 – 1918 survived.

Military No.: 76170

Regiment: No 4 Platoon, 126 Labour Corps,

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 13/10/17

 

FOSSETT, Anthony “Bim”

Bim Fossett Photo (C) Christine & George Pinder

Related to: younger Brother to “Jack” John Fossett

1914-1918 Notes: Served France 1917 – 1918, was gassed and shell shocked, survived.

Ref: George Pinder 

 

FOSSETT, Caroline “Carrie”

Aka: Miss Christine

Born: 1896

Carrie Fossett © Tom Sandow

Married: 26 Sept 1917 Richard Bratby

Related to: Daughter of ‘Funny’ Harry Fossett

Job: Equestrienne

1914-1918 Notes: Performed for much of the war probably with her Father’s Circus after husband posted to Catterick family oral history suggests she was in married quarters and German POWs and the laundry. Later with her husband touring in Ireland c.1918 with Duffy’s in Ireland.

World’s Fair notice of wedding and performance singing war songs.

Ref: D. p99; N.The World’s Fair, 23/6/17 and 29/9/17; F. Tom Sandow (son)

 

FOSSETT, Claude Pte.

Military No.:40298

Regiment: Bedfordshire Regiment. Shot in leg 

 

FOSSETT, Edward

Born: 1898, Rickmansworth

Married: 1924 Mona Powell

Related to: Second youngest son of Sir Robert Fossett and Mary nee Francis

Job: Equestrian Acrobat

1914-1918 Notes: Sent by his family to Ireland 1917 with Georgie Knight. In Ireland during war with Wilson and Duffy’s show and John Duffy’s show.

Ref: D. p101

 

FOSSETT, Harry

Aka: Funny Harry

Job: Clown

1914-1918 Notes: Worked throughout war.

Ref: Multiple inc N. The World’s Fair 23/6/17

 

John Jack Fossett died Ypres 17:10:1917 © photo George Pinder

FOSSETT, John “Jack”

Born: c.1893

Died: 10 October 1917

Cause O.D.: Wounds

Related to: brothers Claude and Anthony Fossett, & John 10. Hope Place, Dawlish Rd, Selly Oak, Birmingham

1914-1918 Notes: Served in France, died at the Battle of Broodseinde. Remembered at Tyne Cot Memorial. He was a runner at the time. Eye Witness reported to George Pinder. “He said Jack was his mate and that Jack was running a message when a shell landed and hit him, what was left of him was buried there so he has no grave. The old boy said it could just as easily have been him who was killed.”

Military No.: 21710

Regiment: 11th Battalion, Royal Warwickshire Regiment

Ref: F. George Pinder

 

FOSSETT, Robert, Sir

1914-1918 Notes: Show Performed through the War, Napoleon, his intelligent horse drowned, when being taken for a wash in the sea in 1915.

Ref N. The World’s Fair, 5/6/15

 

FOSSETT, Robert

1914-1918 Notes: Aged 27 At Borne Police Court, Charged as absentee under Military Services Act, fined £2 handed over to Military escort to enlist, Officers rewarded 5s.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair,

 

FOSSETT, Thomas

Job: Proprietor

1914-1918 Notes: In court 2 times 1917 re holding a Lottery and another time re Entertainment Tax law.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 8/9/17 and Western Times 16/11/17.

 

FOSSETT, Thomas

1914-1918 Notes: Aged 18 At Borne Police Court, Charged as absentee under Military Services Act, fined £2 handed over to Military escort to enlist, Officers rewarded 5s.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair,

 

FOSTER, Joe

Job: Lion Tamer

1914-1918 Notes: Applied for extension to exemption, told to join up 1 Nov 1916

Ref: N. Yorkshire Evening Post, 14/9/16

 

FOSTER, Frank

Frank Foster 1917

Born: 1892

Job: Equestrian, Juggler, Animal man (later Ring Master) With George Sanger Circus

1914-1918 Notes: After finishing14/15 winter season with George Sanger’s Circus, enlisted in Army at Preston early 1915, joined the 5th Dragoon Guards, Autumn 1915 crossed to France as cavalryman, Wounded at Vimmy Ridge also frost bite, hospital at Etaples, began entertaining troops in France. In Wally Bridge hospital in 1919, gained discharge, returned to Circus.

Regiment: 5th Dragoon Guards, then Royal Scots

Ref: B. (F F); F. Juliet Powell (Daughter) and Frank Foster (Grandson)

 

FRAMPTON, Walter

Job: Juggler

1914-1918 Notes: age 28, in court, sent to Army 1917

Ref; N. The World’s Fair, 3/11/17

 

FRANKLIN, Sgt.

1914-1918 Notes: Recruiting Officer in South Wales

Ref; N. The World’s Fair, 21/8/15

 

FREDERICK THE GREAT

See: KEMPSTER, Fred

 

FREEMAN, George

Related to: Brother to Jimmy Freeman

Job: Equestrian & Clown

1914-1918 Notes: With Bostock’s Royal Italian Circus – Tour S Africa and Far East for duration of war.

Ref: D. p111

 

FREEMAN, James “Jimmy”

Aka: “Pimpo” from 1920 after original “Pimpo” was injured

Born: 1888

Married: Secret marriage to Vicki Sanger 1917

Died: 22 Jan 1966

Related to: Brother of George Freeman

Job: Equestrian Acrobat

1914-1918 Notes: Rejected for military service in 1914, 1915 doing table acrobatics with Hannefords, years of hardship. Went to Bostock’s then Sanger’s.

Ref: B. (F F); D. p220

 

FRIEDMANN, Hayem

Job: Musical Clown, partner to Grock

1914-1918 Notes: Violinist, Performed with Grock 1916, then in May 1916 joined up.

Ref; N. The World’s Fair, 21/8/15

 

GALANTE, Marius

Aka: Brick

Nationality: ?

Died: 1938

Job: Clown

Act: Brick & Grock

1914-1918 Notes: Fought Salonika, wounded, shot in the lung.

Ref: B. (G)

 

GALPA, Anatoly

Nationality: Russian

Job: Circus Boy

1914-1918 Notes: Youngest soldier, Mascot to Siberian Artillery

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 26/12/14

 

GARDINER, Florrie

Married: 1914 Edwin George Bale

Job: Equestrienne

1914-1918 Notes: Returned from Germany just before war, died shortly after. See George Bale entry.

Ref: D. p115

 

GEORGETTI

Nationality: French

Job: Hand balancer

1914-1918 Notes: Working In America. Mentioned by Fred Bradna

Ref: B. (B F)

 

GERBOLA (Brothers: Leopold, Michelle, Rodolpho “Toni”)

Aka: Gerbola Trio

Died: Michelle d. 1918

Ref: D. p117

 

GIBSON, Henry

Aka: Zakaree Ermakov, Rusian Expert at Arms

1914-1918 Notes: In court for accidentally shooting audience member.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 1/7/16

 

GILBERT, George

Died: 1915

Cause O. D. Illness

Job: Proprietor Yarmouth & Lowestoft Hippodromes

1914-1918 Notes: Business effected by Zeppelin attacks on Great Yarmouth.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 7/4/15

 

GILLENO, Paul Pte.

Job: Clown

1914-1918 Notes: Killed in Action

Ref N. The World’s Fair,

 

GINNETT, Adelaide

Born: 17 Dec 1877

Related to: Daughter of Funny Dickey Ginnett and Ellen nee Jones.

1914-1918 Notes: Ran William Ginnett’s Circus up until 1914.

Ref: D. p119

 

GINNETT, Charles

1914-1918 Notes: Toured with his bother in Law, Harry Lucas “Ginnet and Luko’s Empire Circus” at Yardley 1915, Still tenting in 1917 difficult without men, soon closed.

Ref: D. p119

 

GINNETT, Fred

1914-1918 Notes: Presenting an act with children performing as soldiers, Inventing potential useful things for the army. Bought Straberry Vale Farm East Finchley, early 1915. Present various shows, inc ‘Wild Australia’. March 1916 gave the Army tents to house horses.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 26/12/14, 6/3/15, 18/9/15 and 11/3/16

 

GINNETT, Gene

Married: Florence Joyce 1915

1914-1918 Notes: Married 1915

Ref: D. p120

 

GODFREY, Goff

Job: Circus Artist

1914-1918 Notes: Rounded up at Broncho Bill’s show ground 14 Aug 1917, In court & handed over to Millitary.

Ref: N. Reading Mercury, 25/8/17

 

GREY, Edward Walter

Aka: Smith, Edward Walter

Nationality: Canadian

Born: 1899 Deal, Kent

Job: Leader of The Manitos

Act: Western

1914-1918 Notes: Returned to England as a soldier in Canadian Army, wounded 3 times, discharged 1919

Ref: D. p182

 

GREY, ?

Aka: La Belle Herculine

Married: Joe

Related to: daughter of Frederick Grey

Job: Hirsute athlete, boxing, wrestling & weightlifting

1914-1918 Notes: with Thomas Fossett’s in 1914, with John Duffy & Sons 1915, exhibited by James Bostock in 1916, then joined Tom Fossett’s 1917, very successful season.

Ref: D. p133; N. The World’s Fair, 15/12/17

Pte Fred Baxter Grey 11/1/1919
©Photo reproduced by kind permission of
The World’s Fair Ltd.

 

GREY, Fred Baxter

Related to: Son of ‘Herculine’

1914-1918 Notes: Served in 97th (C.P.) Field Ambulance, France

Regiment: Royal Army Medical Corps,

Ref: D. p133; N. The World’s Fair, 11/1/19 (photo)

 

GRIDNEFF FAMILY

Aka: Amazing Gridneffs

Nationality: Russian

Act: Ladder Act

1914-1918 Notes: The Amazing Gridneffs Flee Russian revolution 1918 and travel world wide inc. China,

Ref: F. Yuri Gridneff

 

GRIFFITHS, John Albert

Aka: September

Died: June 1915 age 38.

Related to: Son of Le Quip, Clown

Job: Clown

1914-1918 Note: Performer at Tower Circus until March 1915.

 

GRIMMER, Daniel

Job: Equestrian with Sanger’s

1914-1918 Notes: Joined up 1915, Royal Veterinary Corps, in Turkey at the time of the landing at the Dardanelles, April 1915, Also served Salonica, Turkey, Egypt and other countries.and was invalided home with malaria in July 1916, receiving his discharge in March, 1919.

Military No.: SE 15107

Regiment: Royal Veterinary Corps

Ref: N. Nottingham Evening Post, 1/3/1935

 

GROCK

See: Wettach, Charles Adrian.

 

GROVES, Frank

Job: Circus Artist

1914-1918 Notes: Rounded up at Broncho Bill’s show ground 14 Aug 1917, In court & handed over to Millitary.

Ref: N. Reading Mercury, 25/8/17

 

HACKENSHMIDT

Nationality: Russian

Job: Wrestler

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 in Germany, Interned in Rulheben Camp, but allowed out on parole.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 26/2/16

 

HAGENBECK, Henrich

Nationality: German

Related to: Elder son Carl Hagenbeck

Job: Menagerist

1914-1918 Notes: Enlisted German Army Survived. Mistakenly reported in American Press as killed

Ref: B. (H L)

 

HAGENBECK, John

Nationality: German

Born: 1866

Died: 1940

Related to: Half brother to Carl Hagenbeck

Job: Animal exporter & Ethngraphic act agent, based in Ceylon

1914-1918 Notes: Briefly detained by British in Celyon – escaped via Java, returned to Germany

Ref: B. (H L)

 

HAGENBECK, Lorenz

Nationality: German

Related to: Son of Carl Hagenbeck

1914-1918 Notes: Worked in Circus for duration of war, performing in Sweden, showing in Poland, Germany & Netherlands. Falsely reported in America as killed at the front.

Ref: B. (H L)

 

HALL, Thomas A

1914-1918 Notes: Charged with absence from the reserves, age 26, handed over to Army

Ref: N. Liverpool Daily Post, 17/6/16

 

HALL, Tommy

Relation: Son-in-law to proprietor of Bilddal’s Circus, son of Thomas Hall

Died 1916

1914-1918 Notes: Killed in action

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 28/10/16

 

HALL, W.P.

Aka: The Sage of Lancashire

Job: Circus Proprietor

1914-1918 Notes: 1915 closed circus. started shipping horses to warring powers.

 

HANNAH, Robert

Aka: “Bob Swift” also “Griffiths” of, Griffiths & Bigleton

Married: Emma Lawrence

Died: 1918

1914-1918 Notes: Served, Killed 1918

Ref: N. The World’s Fair

 

HANNEFORD, Edwin

Aka: Poodles

Born: 1891 Barnsley?

Died: 1967

Related to: Parents Elizabeth & Ned Hanneford

Job: Trick rider

Act: Family equestrian comedy & acrobatic act

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 toured Britain & Ireland, 1915 Spain. Sailed to America with family 13 November 1915 to join Ringling also performed in Cuban seasons 1916 & 1917, Famous family act by 1918

Ref: B, (P N); D. p129; N. The World’s Fair,

 

HANNEFORD, Elizabeth

Born: 10 March 1870

Married: Edwin “Ned” Hanneford

Job: Equestrienne, Proprietor

1914-1918 Notes: Matriarch of the Hanneford’s Royal Canadian Circus. 1914 toured Britain & Ireland, 1915 Spain. Sailed to America with family 13 November 1915 to join Ringling also performed in Cuban seasons 1916 & 1917, Became very famous by 1918

Ref: D p129; N. Multiple The World’s Fair; O. PRONI

 

HANNEFORD, George

Married: Kathleen Breen

Related to: Son of Elizabeth Hanneford

1914-1918 Notes: Performed with family throughout war. see above.

Ref: D. p129

 

HANNEFORD, Lizzie

Related to: Daughter of Elizabeth Hanneford.

Job: Rope spinner, wire walker, tumbler, & singer.

1914-1918 Notes: Performed with family throughout war. see above. By 1915 she was fêted and recieved 10 proposals of marriage.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 1/5/15

 

HARMSTON, Jennie

1914-1918 Notes: Performing early 1915, Calcutta with Harmston’s Circus.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 6/2/15

 

HARMSTON, Willie

1914-1918 Notes: Performing early 1915, Calcutta with Harmston’s Circus.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 6/2/15

Pte R. J. Hatton 5/5/1919
©Photo reproduced by kind permission of
The World’s Fair Ltd.

 

HATTON, R.J. Pte.

Job: With Biddal’s Circus

1914-1918 Notes: Served, still in Army in May 1919 awaiting release.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 5/4/19

 

HAZENBURG, Henry

See: CHADWICK, Henry

 

HAYEM,

Job: Grock’s Partner

1914-1918 Notes: Called up 15/16 Ref: B. (G)

 

HEDLEY, Jack Jnr.

Job: Life Exhibitor

1914-1918 Notes: 1915 set off to tour France and Italy exhibiting Frederick the Great, with Otto Heinman.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 20/3/15

 

HEINEMAN

Job: Life Exhibitor

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 working with Frederick the Great. In Germany at outbreak of war, they were detained and then returned to Britiain. 1915 they set off to tour France and Italy.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 20/3/15

 

HENGLER, Albert,

Job: Circus Director, Hengler’s Circus

1914-1918 Notes: Hengler’s Circus Glasgow continued to present large, scale entertainments with Water features.

Ref: B. (F F); N. The World’s Fair, 11/12/15,

 

HENGLEUR, Madame

Born: 17 August 1862

Married: George Steadman

Related to: daughter of John Griffiths, Clown

Job: Animal trainer

1914-1918 Notes: Performed with dogs 1915 at Wednesbury Hippodrome

Ref: D. p132

 

HEPSTON, MAURICE “Paddy”

Aka: Captain Epstein

Nationality: Irish

Born: 1877

Job: Managed indentured “ethnographic” performer, Franz Taibosh, aka “Cliko, The Wild Dancing Bushman”

1914-1918 Notes: Presented Franz Taibish for duration of War. 1914 in England, Ireland, possibly Spain and Jamaica, 1917 in Cuba, and USA, 1918. Lost act in 1918.

Ref: B. (P N)

 

HICKS, Tom

See ETHARDO, Tom

 

“HERCULINE”

See: GREY, ?

 

HODGINI, Joe

Born: 1895

Married: Etta Davis 1915

Job: Trick rider, juggler

1914-1918 Notes: Performed in USA with Ringling until 1916,

Ref: D. p135

 

HODGINS, Edward

Job: circus performer

1914-1918 Notes: in court for assault

Ref: N, The World’s Fair, 3/8/18

 

HOLLOWAY, George

Relation: Son of George Holloway

ob: Acrobatic wire walkers, originated perpendicular ladder act 1885

Act: The Four Holloways

1914-1918 Notes: Performed at Nottingham Empire 1915.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 18/12/15

 

HOLLOWAY, William

Pte Wm. Holloway 12/10/1918
©Photo reproduced by kind permission of The World’s Fair Ltd.

Relation: Son of George Holloway

ob: Acrobatic wire walkers, originated perpendicular ladder act 1885

Act: The Four Holloways

1914-1918 Notes: Performed at Nottingham Empire 1915.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 18/12/15

Pte Frederick Holloway 12/10/1918
©Photo reproduced by kind permission of The World’s Fair Ltd.

 

HOLLOWAY, Frederick Pte

Relation to: Son of Empire Theatre owners

1914-1918 Notes: Killed in Action

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 12/10/18

 

HOLLOWAY, William Pte

Relation to: Brother of Frederick Holloway

1914-1918 Notes: Served, Prisoner of War.

Regiment: Royal Warwickshire

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 12/10/18

 

HOLMES, Harry

Job: Bandmaster Bostock & Wombwell’s

1914-1918 Notes: Accident at Leeds Station.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 17/2/17

 

HUDSON, William Turner

Died: 13 Sept 1917

Job: Circus Proprietor

1914-1918 Notes: Toured with his circus, Turners in Ireland until his death, leaving his family to carry on.

Ref: D. p138

 

HUMMEL, James

1914-1918 Notes: Performed throughout war.

Ref: D. p139

 

HUMMEL, Florrie

Job: Equestrienne

1914-1918 Notes: Performed, at Tower Blackpool in 1915, Hengler’s Circus Glasgow 1917-18 season

Ref: D. p139

 

HUNTER, James

Died. Sept 1915, Age 30

Cause O.D.: Fire in Caravan

Job: Circus labourer at Tiffield.

Ref: N. Northampton Mercury

 

HUNTER, Richard H. Dr

Born: 1886 British Guiana

Job: Became Circus Doctor after war.

1914-1918 Notes: Served as orderly in French hospital

Ref: D. p139

 

JACKSON, Alf

Act: Grecian Maids

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 in Germany, Interned in Rulheben Camp.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 26/2/16

 

JAMESON, F. M. Corporal

Aka: Known as “Gilbert the Strong Man

Job: Strongman and Cowboy Performer

1914-1918 Notes: Killed in action

Military No.: 12760,

Machine Gun Corps

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 19/8/16 (photo)

 

JAMRACH, Albert

Died: Jan 1917

Job: Animal trader

1914-1918 Notes: Business hard hit.

Ref: N. Daily Mail 24/1/17

 

JAY, Eddie

Job: Character Comedian

1914-1918 Notes: Met up with friend of Frank Foster, at Cayaeux-sur-Mer, convalescent camp 1917.

Ref: B. (F F)

 

JENNINGS, Albert E

Job: Circus Groom to Fossett’s at Tiffield

1914-1918 Notes: Age 33 In breach of reserve Forces Act. Military escort from court to barracks, Northampton

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 22/4/16

 

JESERICH, Albert

Nationality: German

Born: Magdeburg

Job: Jocky, Joined Circus after War

1914-1918 Notes: Served in German Army

Regiment: Death’s Head Hussars, German light infantry unit

Ref: D. p145

 

“JINGO”

Nationality: Belgian

1914-1918 Notes: He and his wife were caught up in the German invasion at outbreak and escaped to Britain from Belgium in April 1915. Appointed resident manager The Palace Nairn.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 21/11/14

 

JOEL, Arthur

Job: Acrobat

1914-1918 Notes: Worked in Circus until 1915. Became an agent, producing and running pantomimes.

Ref: D. p145

 

JOYCE, Jack

1914-1918 Notes: Closed Wild West show in Denmark at outbreak of war, Opened up a show in Sweden Dec 1914.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 2/1/15

 

KAYES, Elizabeth “Lizzie”, Nee Baker

Born: 1878 Penzance

Married: William Kayes, 1899 Hamilton

Died: 23 Nov 1933

Related to: daughter of Thomas Baker

Job: Circus Proprietor

1914-1918 Notes: Due to all her Lion Tamer sons going to War, She had to take on the act and entered the Lion’s Cage. Had her last son, James born 14 June 1918, in a travelling waggon under a cherry tree at Lidbrook, Monmouthshire.

Ref: D. p152 and p155; N. (various) Yorkshire Eve Post 20/10/16, 21/10/16; O. NFCA

 

KAYES, Richard

Married: 24 Jan1916 Married Rose Sedgewick “Lion Queen” at Sheffield Cathedral,

Died: 1960

Related to: son of William Kayes and Harriet

Job: Equestrian

1914-1918 Notes: Wounded in active Service British Army.

Ref: D. p152

 

KAYES, TIMOTHY Pte

Married: Nancy Buckley

Job: Lion Tamer

1914-1918 Notes: 1916 arrested twice on showground, to Leeds court. Served with distinction, injured in May 1918 & lost left leg. Treated in 2 Napier Ward, East Leeds War Hospital, Harchills Road, Leeds. ( He returned to the cage with a crutch.

Military No.: 3779 15th West Yorks. He may also be linked to these numbers found in LFW: 76284 Royal Defense Corps or 3779; West Yorkshire Regiment.

Ref: D. p153; N. The World’s Fair, 20/10/16 and 18/5/18 and Leeds Mercury 3/10/16; O. NFCA

 

KAYES, Tommy

Aka: Captain Tommy Kayes

Born: 27 July 1901

Related to: Son of William Kayes and Elizabeth

Job: Lion Tamer

1914-1918 Notes: Lion Tamer – and Served in Army.

Ref: D. p153

 

KAYES, William

Aka: Buff Bill

Born: 1856 Peebles

Married: (1) Harriet Reader, (2) Elizabeth Baker

Died: 23 Nov 1933

Related to: Brother Richard Kayes

Job: Sharp Shooter, Proprietor Buff Bills A Wild West Show. Most of the animals & men and 3 sons to the Army.

1914-1918 Notes: Old Man during war, relied heavily on wife Elizabeth to manage business.

Ref: D. p152 ; N. Leeds Mercury, 3/10/16; O. NFCA

 

KAYES, William Jnr. “Billy”

Aka: Young Maccomo

Born: 1891

Died: 1960

Related to: Son of William Kayes and Harriet

Job: Lion Tamer

1914-1918 Notes: Worked with lions until 1916 when arrested with brother Tommy for failing to register for Army. 1917 Active service.

Ref: D. 153; N. The World’s Fair, 20/10/16

 

KELLY, Emmett

1914-1918 Notes: Lived in America during war. He has an autobiography ‘Clown’ which may be of interest.

Ref: D. p154

 

KEMPSTER, Frederick John

Aka: The English Giant

Born: 13 April 1889

Died: 15 April 1918 Blackburn

Cause O.D.: Influenza/Pneumonia

Job: Giant 7feet 9.3 inches

1914-1918 Notes: In Germany at outbreak of war – Under house arrest for 1 month, returned to U.K

Ref: O. D. The World’s Fair, 20/4/18

 

KIDSON, J.H. Lce-Cpl

1914-1918 Notes: Died of pneumonia at A.V.C. No. 11, Veterinary Hospital, Salonica Forces.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 2/11/18

 

KIRK, George

Aka: Spud

Born: 14 Oct 1884

Married: Rosie Silbon

Job: Clown

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 with Bostock’s Royal Italian Circus for tour S Africa – Far East for duration

Ref: D. p275

 

KLEINSCHMIDT, Otto Paul

Aka: Paul Otto

Nationality: German

Married: Mary Fossett

Died: 1942

Job: Mixed skills with Fossett’s

1914-1918 Notes: Interned P.O.W, Douglas, Isle of Man. Wife witness to tragic death by fore of co-worker

Ref: D. p208 N. Northampton Mercury 17/9/15

 

KLUDSKY, CIRZUS

Nationality: Czech

1914-1918 Notes: The war stopped Kludsky’s one of the biggest circuses in Europe. People were dispersed, animals requistioned or starved.

Ref: O. CP

 

KLUIKOYSKE, August

Nationality: German

1914-1918 Notes: Age 52, Working with Bostock & Wombwell’s, In court for failing to check in with a local police station as a registered alien citizen. Allowed to continue working and returned to Menagerie and care of it’s manager.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 12/2/14

 

KNIGHT, George

Born: 1894

Job: Equestrian & female impersonator

1914-1918 Notes: 1914-15 at Worlds Fair Islington, Went to Ireland with Edward Fossett in 1917 dressed as a woman. He had no taste for soldiering.

Ref: D. p158

 

KNIGHT, Albert Edward, Pte

1914-1918 Notes: Served

Military Service #: 38094

Regiment: Royal Berkshire Regiment

 

KŌNYÖT (Alexander) & FAMILY

Nationality: Hungarian

Related to: Alexander, Son of Leopold Konyot and Henrietta Blumenfeld

Act: Various

1914-1918 Notes: Family were scouted by Fred & Edna Bradna in Budapest in 1913 and brought to America, performing throughout war.

Ref: B. (B F); D. p160

 

“KOKO”

See: SLAVONA

 

“LA BELLE ZOE”

1914-1918 Notes: Adorned her body with tattoos depicting the Great War and by Dec 1916, was exhibiting them with narratives. Managed by Mr. Staley.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 23/16/1916

 

LEATHERHEAD, Frank William

Job: Manager R Fossett Farm Tiffield

1914-1918 Notes: 1916 aged 26, Fossett applies for his continued exemption from Enlistment.

Ref: N. Northampton Mercury, 23/3/16

 

LEITZEL, Lillian

Nationality: Hungarian/Czech

Born: 2 Jan 1892, Breslau, Germany

Married: x 3

Died: 1931

Job: Aerialist

1914-1918 Notes: 1915 Starred as “Queen of the Circus” with Barnum & Bailey

 

LEMY, Carl

Nationality: American

Act: Lemy Troupe Aerialists

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 In Australia

Ref: N. (New York Clipper) 21/11/14

 

LESTER, John

Nationality: American

Born: New York, USA

Job: Aerialist in Family Act

Act: Four Lesters – with his wife and 2 children.

1914-1918 Notes: Arrived England 1915 with Four Lesters

Ref: D. p168

 

LEWIS, Jack Cpl.

Job: with Bostock’s Circus

1914-1918 Notes: Enlisted June 1915, Letter to World’s Fair

Military No.: 8447

Regiment: 10th Warwicks, 19th Division

Ref: D. O. N. The World’s Fair, 12/1/18

 

LINSLEY, Jack

Born: 1896 Durham

Job: Musical Director later with Barnum

1914-1918 Notes: Served as signaller.

Regiment: Irish Guards

Ref: N. A F

 

LISTER, Carl Lisando

1914-1918 Notes: Age 33, In court for failing to enlist, handed over to Army.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 5/10/18

 

“LITTLE LADY”, Madamoiselle

Nationality: French

Job: 25” tall side show performer

1914-1918 Notes: Sold ( not yet adult?) by French Parents to Sam Gumpertz, Dream Land Coney Island, for $4,000 arrived New York Sept 1916, for L Harvre.

Ref: B. (P N)

 

LLOYD, Cyril

Aka: Brothers Lloyd

Born: c. 1894

Died: 1918 age 24

Job: Tight Rope walker

1914-1918 Notes: Served,

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 23/2/18

 

LOCKHART, George

Born: 1883 Deptford, London

Died: 8 Oct 1978

Job: Ringmaster

1914-1918 Notes: British Army

Ref: D. p172

 

LOLÉ

Nationality: French?

Relation: Brother-in-law to Grock

Act: Clown

1914-1918 Notes: Left act with Grock 1914 to serve in the Army.

Ref: B. (G)

 

LORCH, Family

Nationality: German

1914-1918 Notes: In Britain at outbreak of War, arrested as hostile foreigners

Ref: B. (O M)

 

LORENZO, Fred

1914-1918 Notes: Changed his name during the war

Ref: D. p174

 

LOYAL, Alfred & Leris

1914-1918 Notes: Performed through war.

Ref: D. p175

 

LUALE, Jack?

Aka: Jack Luck, Chief Luale

Nationality: South African

Born: 1899

Died: 30 April 1935 Louth

Cause O.D.: Pneumonia:

Job: Performer in ethnographic act in with African Village Exhibit.

1914-1918 Notes: African, soldier served in war, was gassed and badly wounded, returned to show business

Regiment: Middlesex Regiment

Ref: D. p176

 

LUCAS, Harry

Aka: Little Luko

Died: 4 August 1923

Job: Clown

1914-1918 Notes: 1915 with Ginnett and Luco’s Empire Circus. Miniature Circus.

Ref: D. p176

 

MACCOMA, Albert

See: WILLIAMS, Albert

 

MANDERS, Albert

Aka: Captain Lamberetti

Married: c. 1905 Annie

Died: 1940 Solihull

Job: Animal Trainer

1914-1918 Notes: Worked during war, eldest daughter, Edna died in 1916 aged 10, youngest daughter Dolly born 1917

Ref: D. p181

 

MANDERS, George

1914-1918 Notes: Married during war.

Ref: D. p181

 

MANDERS, William

Job: With Mander’s Menagerie

1914-1918 Notes: Served in No. 6 Veterinary Hospital, Pitt Camp Corner, Winchester

Regiment: Royal Army Veterinary Corps

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 21/7/17, 29/7/16 (photo)

 

“MANITOS”

See: GREY, E.S.

 

MARCELLA, Mrs

Married: Captain Clark

Act: Welsh Giantess

1914-1918 Notes: Widow, performed during war. In Derby 1915,

Ref: D. p184

 

MARCHARDE de MARCH, Yvonne

Born c. 1905

Job: run into lions cage to help father in show.

1914-1918 Notes: June 1915 Subject of court case in Clerkenwell, father being prosecuted for putting child in dangerous act. Act banned.

 

MARINICOVIKE, Stevean

Nationality: Serbian

Job: Showwoman

1914-1918 Notes: Age 37 she was in court for causing obstruction in a street, while performing with a bear, girl and monkey.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 6/1/17

 

MARTELLONI SISTERS

Job: Acrobats

1914-1918 Notes: 1915-16 at Waverley Market, Edinburgh,

Ref: D. p185

 

MATTHIES, Rudolf

Nationality: German

Job: Assistant to Richard Sawade

Ref: D. p186,

 

McALLISTER, William Lauder

Aka: Doodles/Espana

Born: 1977 Glasgow

Job: Clown

1914-1918 Notes: Raised money for the Cigarettes for Soldiers Fund during war by selling postcards of himself. Performed with Bobby “August” Elliot from 1915

Ref: D. p85

 

McCormick, James

Married: Susan Hudson, c. Nov 1914

Job: Both worked for Turner Hudson’s Circus.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 2/12/14

 

McDONALD, Walter

Nationality: Canadian/British

Born: c. 1897

Related to: Mother was a Canadian Native American,

Job: Wild West Performer

1914-1918 Notes: Age 17, with a circus in Paris when war broke out, travelled to Scotland, beaten up at Armadale, enroute to join Fossett’s. People thought he was a German spy, wearing full american Indian costume.

Ref: N. Linlithgow Gazette, 4/9/14

 

MERK, Clemens

Nationality: German

Born: 29 August 1900

Died: 21 April 1994

Job: Lion Tamer after war

1914-1918 Notes: German Armed Forces.

Ref: D. p190

 

“MEXICANS, THREE”

Act: Wild West Act

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during war, inc. at Agricultural Hall, Islington 1915-16

Ref: D. p191

 

MIER, Carlos

1914-1918 Notes: Trained horses for the War.

Ref: D. p192

 

MILLS, Bertram Wagstaff

Born: 1872

Died: 16 April 1938

Job: Harness maker & carriage builder, formed Circus immediately after the war.

1914-1918 Notes: Commissioned as a Captain, R.A.S.C, Forage Department other notes suggest Royal Army Medical Corps.

Regiment: R.A.S.C

Ref: Multiple

 

MIZUNO ( lead by Shiro Wattabikki)

Aka: Mizuno Troupe

Nationality: Japanese

Job: Acrobats

1914-1918 Notes: Came to England 1913 – on continent at outbreak of war, returned to England during War, 1916-17 season at Hengler;s Circus Glasgow.

Ref: D. p194

 

MONGADORS

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during the war.

Ref: D. p195

 

MONTANA BILL

Nationality: Okalala American Indian/French Canadian

Job: Sharp Shooter

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during war, became known as William Montana Bailey in 1917

Ref: D. p195

 

MONTANA, Frank

Nationality: Canadian

Job: rope spinner, whip cracking, genuine cowboy

1914-1918 Notes: Served Canadian Army severely wounded.

Regiment: 93rd Canadian Infantry

Ref: D. p195

 

MOONEY, Mat, Pte

1914-1918 Notes: Served

Military No.: 51310,

Regiment: 86th Labour Co, 3rd Plat BEF

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 26/10/18, Letter

 

MORAS

1914-1918 Notes: Performed war Ref: D. p195

 

MORIARTY, John

Aka: Irish Hercules

Job: Strongman & Musician

1914-1918 Notes: Performed with Duffy and Son’s Big Circus 1917-18

Ref: D. p196

 

MORRIS, Bros.

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 in Germany, Interned in Rulheben Camp.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 26/2/16

 

NEWSOME, R., Pte

     1914-1918 Notes: wounded, hit in the  

     back with shrapnel

     Military No.: 175073,

     Regiment: Advance Siege Park, 5th      

     Army Service Corps, B.E.F., France

     Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 18/11/16  

     (photo)

 

NIKITIN, Nickolai Akimevich

Nationality: Russian

Born: 1887

Died: 1963

Related to: Son of Akin Nikitin

Job: Juggler on horseback

1914-1918 Notes: on death of father in 1917 became manager of Nikitin Circus. 1917 Bolshevick revolution, circuses nationalised, Nikitin Circus became Moscow’s 2nd State Circus. 1919 in Italy to be a juggler on horseback,

Ref: O. CP

 

NOVELLO, Armando

Aka: Toto

Nationality: Italian/German

Married: Hannah Frick

Job: Mixed Skills/Clown

1914-1918 Notes: Moved from London to USA to perform.

Ref: D. p292

 

OHMY (SMITH), Joseph

Aka: King Ohmy, real name Smith

Related to: Father of Claude and Ada Ohmy

Job: Circus Proprietor

1914-1918 Notes: With Carré’s Circus when war broke out. Property seized by Germans and interned in Doeberitz, Berlin for short time with family. Secured release, returned to Britain with 2 adult daughters oct 1914. Continued to work.

Ref: D. p204; N. Multiple inc Hull Daily Mail 28/10/14

Note: Ohmy/Smith Family archive at National Fairground Archive, not yet available to researchers.

 

OHMY (SMITH), Ada

Born: 1881

Died: 1918

Cause O.D.: Post Traumatic Stress, Internment

Related to: daughter of King Ohmy, John Smith

Job: Equestrienne, Sharp Shooter

1914-1918 Notes: Interned with Family in Doeberitz, Berlin, for about 1 month. Returned,to Britain. Performed Feb 1916, bridesmaid to sister Lilly, March 1916. Never recovered from experience in Berlin. Death was put down to this trauma.

Ref: D. p204; N. multiple inc. The World’s Fair, The Era, Derby Daily Telg., 26/2/1916

 

OHMY (SMITH), Claude

Born: 1897 Southport

Married: No

Cause O.D.:

Related to: Son of King Ohmy, John Smith

Job: Equestrian

1914-1918 Notes: Interned with Family in Doeberitz, Berlin. Family were relased. Moved to Ruhleben Internment Camp November 1914. Released 1918 after war, returned to Blackpool. Reported story to World’s Fair of experiences including ‘mental decontamination’ process on return.

Ref: D. p204; N. The World’s Fair, 2/12/18

 

OHMY (SMITH), Lilly

Married: John Sanger, March 1916

Related to: daughter of King Ohmy, John Smith

1914-1918 Notes: Interned with Family in Doeberitz, Berlin. returned to Britain Oct 1914.

Ref: D. p204; N. The World’s Fair, 11/3/16 and 2/12/18

 

OHMY (SMITH), Minnie

Married: Herbert Sanger

Died: 1941

Related to: daughter of King Ohmy, John Smith

Ref: D. p204

 

OMA, Madame

Nationality: Russian

Job: Trapeze artist

1914-1918 Notes: World tour 1914/. Performed with Ginnett’s Royal Circus, June 1915 at Perth

Ref: N. Perthshire Advertiser, 12/6/15

 

“OMI”

See: RIDDLER

 

OLSON, Hugo Olaf

1914-1918 Notes: 1917 started the Partree Acrobatic Act

Ref: D. p206

 

OSBORNE, J, “Ginger” Pte.

1914-1918 Notes: 1918 wounded after 3 yrs 7 mths in France.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 27/4/18

 

PABLO, Edward Charles, Pte

Edward Pablo as the “Terrible Turk” 12/6/1915 The World’s Fair
© Photo reproduced by kind permission of
The World’s Fair Ltd.

Aka: Edward “Ted” Fanque

Married: Alexandra Howard, Oct 1915

Related to: Father William Darby aka Pablo Fanque

1914-1918 Notes: Lobbied Kitchener so fit over 45 year olds could enlist, until early on in 1915 tried to join up as part of the “45 and over” Battalion organised by E. S. Day, Esq., of Rowlands Castle, Hants. Succeeded to enlist in July 1915. Lightning marriage, in October in 3 day leave, based at Aldershot. with Mechanical Transport. Badly injured in France, to 3rd Canadian Hospital Bologne – to hospital in Chatham. Discharged.

Military No.: 124391,

Regiment: 32nd Co, 2nd ”1” Section A.S.C

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 15/5/15, 16/10/15, 1/2/16, 1/4/16

 

PANDILLA, Rafael

Aka: Chocolat

Nationality: Cuban ( initially a Slave, sold to Spain)

Born: 1865/68

Died: 4 November 1917

Job: Clown

Act: Foottit et Chocolat

1914-1918 Notes: Died Bordeaux, with out any means, paupers grave.

Ref: O. CP

 

PALLENBERG, Emil

Nationality: German

Job: Bear Trainer

1914-1918 Notes: Working In America. Mentioned by Fred Bradna in feud with English clown Ernie Anderson

Ref: B. (B F)

 

PAULO (BUTCHER), Frank

Aka: Frisco Frank

Married: Clara (b. 6 March 1885)

Died: 1927

Job: Small Circus Owner

1914-1918 Notes: Struggled through Ireland during troubles, returned to Britain, Enlisted. Family struggled at home.

Ref: B. (C-C R); D. p215

 

PAULHAN

Nationality: French

Job: Circus Performer

1914-1918 Notes: Pilot in French Air Force. one of the first famous flying men.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair,

 

PEARSON, Archie

Job: Horse rider

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 in Germany, Interned in Rulheben Camp.

Ref: N. Sheffield Independent 19/12/19 (in relates to c. October 1916 event)

 

PEARSON, Alf

Job: Horse rider

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 in Germany, Interned in Rulheben Camp.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 26/2/16

 

PEDERSON, Anders

Nationality: Danish

Born: Copenhagen

Job: Sea lion trainer

1914-1918 Notes: Performed with sea lions at Worlds Fair, islington in 1915-16 season,

Ref: D. p218

 

PERMAINE, William Vincent

Job: Animal Trainer

1914-1918 Notes: in court for feeding bears bread.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 16/2/18

 

PESTER, John

Nationality: American

1914-1918 Notes: American performed during war

Ref: D. p168

 

PESTERSON, Anderson

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during war

Ref: D. p217

 

PETERS, Willy

Nationality: German

Died: 1959

Job: Animal Trainer

1914-1918 Notes: Worked big cats with Hagenbeck, filling the gap with polar bears when circus in Sweden.

Ref: B. (H L); p218

 

PEREZOFF

Aka:Seven Pezeroffs

Nationality: French

Job: Comedy Jugglers

1914-1918 Notes: N Pezeroff at Tower Circus in 1915. June 1918 a Perezoff in court for alleged infringement of Grock’s music hall sketch, with a sketch known as “Noni & Partner.”

Ref: D. p217; N. The World’s Fair 15/6/18

 

PHILLIPS, Charlie Sergeant

Born: 3 October 1889

Related to: Brother of Jack

1914-1918 Notes: Dardanelles

Regiment: Australian Corps, promoted for bravery to Sergeant in Dardanelles on 26th Birthday.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 16/10/15

 

PHILLIPS, Jack

Related to: Brother of Charlie

Job: Ring King

1914-1918 Notes: Performed with Headley’s Franco-British

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 16/10/15

 

PICKERING, J. Russell, Captain

Aka: Pick Pickering

Died: 1947

Job: Later General Manager Bertram Mills

1914-1918 Notes: Served

Regiment: Royal Army Signal Corps

Ref: D. p219

 

PILATES, Joseph Hubertus

Nationality: German

Job: Circus Trainer, Boxer, gymnast

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 circus was caught out travelling in Blackpool. Arrested in Sept 1914 as an enemy alien. Registered index number 1400. He was interned at jersey , Lancaster in derelict waggons and then finally in Knockaloe, Isle of Man. He occupied himself and others with physical exercise to combat ill health.

Ref: O. knockaloe.im

 

“PIMPLE”

See: EVANS, Frederick William

 

“PIMPO”

See: FREEMAN, Jimmy

 

PINDER, Susan

Born: 13 July 1877

Married: remarried Spud Kirk

1914-1918 Notes: Toured with Bostock’s Royal Italian Circus 1914-1923 with Husband and Children inc. Leslie and George Ord Pinder.

Ref: D. p224

 

PINDER, Thomas Ord

Born: 30 July 1989

Died: 5 July 1988

Job: Aerialist

1914-1918 Notes: War put a stop to circus He toured many halls and theatres with his act.

Ref: D. p224

 

PINDER, William

Born: 1828

Died: 1916

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 22/1/16

 

POLIAKOFF, Nikolai

Aka: Coco the Clown

Nationality:

Born: 1900 Dvinsk, Russia

Married: 1918

Job: Clown, acrobat

1914-1918 Notes: Enlisted, child soldier – was in 5 different Armies including Ukranian, Russian, Red & White, between 1915 and 1920, some voluntarily because he was hungary.

Ref: B. (Coco) Also BBC Desert Island Disks Archive

 

POTTERS FAMILY

Aka: Six Peerless Potters

1914-1918 Notes: 1914-15 and 1915-16 seasons with Fossett’s at Agricultural Hall, Islington.

Ref: D. p227

 

POWELL, Claude

Born: 1880 Rochdale

Job: Circus Proprietor

Married: Dora Letsche ( German)

1914-1918 Notes: Exemption denied in court Birmingham mid 1917, In British Armed Services

Ref: D. p227; N. Birmingham Mail 20/1/17

 

PRENTICE, ALbert, Cpl

Aka: Tiddles

Job: Clown

Act: Les Zeimars

1914-1918 Notes: Joined up April 1915, Winchester

Military No.: 32594

Regiment: 19th Welsh Pioneer Regiment

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 18/9/15

 

PRINCE-COX, Albert James

Born: 8 Aug 1880 Southsea

Job: Circus & variety promotor

1914-1918 Notes: 1913 – 1918 Royal Navy

Ref: D. p228

 

PROCTOR, George James

Born: 1857

Died: 1926

Act: Gymnast and Rope walker

1914-1918 Notes: 1914/15 season at Stadium Barrow in Furness,

Ref: D. p229

 

PROSKE, Roman

Nationality: Austrian

Born: 1898

Job: Lion Tamer

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 in Africa working as a lion tamer, age 16, smuggled himself back to Austria, joined Austrian Infantry in September 1916, fought Russians in Poland. Wounded in 1918, discharged. Returned to Circus. Account in his biography.

Ref: B. (P R)

 

PUGH, Wally

Aka: “Digger”

Nationality: Australian?

Born: Northampton

Job: Acrobat aerialist

1914-1918 Notes: 1916 selling newspapers then sailed to Australia, joined Australian Services, served in France.

Ref: D. p231

 

PURCHASE, John

Born: 1892 Cranbrook, Kent

Job: Menagerist Manager

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 went to South Africa with Bostock’s Royal Italian Circus for 3 1/2 years. In India 1917, At Singapore joined HM Forces, invalided out with malaria.

Ref: D. p231; N. The World’s Fair, 19/5/17

 

PURCHASE, William

Aka: Captain Purchase

Born: 1883

Died: 1951

Job: Animal Trainer

1914-1918 Notes: 1916 went to America, to join Barnum Bailey Show

Ref: D. p232

 

QUINN, D, Pte

1914-1918 Notes: Served & injured in 1915 stationed to Soldier’s Home Caterham Surrey. See letter to World’s Fair about his experiences, 1/1/16.

Military No.: 15230

Regiment: No 4 Co, 3rd Battalion Coldstream Guards. B.E.F.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 29/5/15, 1/1/16,

 

QUINN, Johnny, Drummer

Born: 1873

Died: 1951

Job: singing clown & impromptu artist

1914-1918 Notes: Enlisted 8 Aug 1914, Landed and served 18 months in Dardenelles & injured before Feb 1916. No 28 General Hospital ( probably in Salonika). Returned to Tipperary, Dec16/Jan17. Performed with daughter Annie, March 1917 at Hospital.

Regiment: Muster Fusiliers.

Ref: D. p233; N. The World’s Fair, 3/1/17 and 10/3/17

 

RABBITT, Drummer

May also be: SCHOLES, Jack

1914-1918 Notes: Served

Regiment: 2/4th Northants

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 28/8/15

 

RASTELLE, Enrico

Born: Samara, Russia

Married: Stella Price 1917

Job: Juggler

1914-1918 Notes: 1915 joined Circus Truzzi for first job as solo juggler, Married 1917, Fled to Italy result of War and Russian Revolution

Ref: D. p236

 

RAYNOR, James

Aka: Royal Raynor Troupe

1914-1918 Notes: Joined up 1914 training at Scarborough, discharged in 1919.

Regiment: 18th Royal Hussars

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 28/8/15

 

RENYOLDS, Butch

See: BURRAGE

 

RIDDLER, Horace Leonard

Aka: Omi the Great

1914-1918 Notes: Acting Major British Army

Regiment: Machine Gun Squadron

Ref: D. p206

 

RITCHER, Rosa M.

Aka: Zazel the Human Canonball, ( Mrs George Star)

1914-1918 Notes: Arrived USA July 1916 from Europe on the Liner Philidelphia

Ref: B. (P N)

 

ROSSAIRE (ROSS), Fred

Aka: Count Rossaire, Ross Combination

Born: 1877

Married: Florence Arnold

Died: 1949

1914-1918 Notes: In Ireland with tent-less circus, packed up, returning through burnt out Dublin, Easter Rising. Became a miner.

Ref: B. (B N); D. p250

 

ROSSAIRE, Florence

Aka: Countess Rossaire

Born: 5 June 1877

Married: Fred Ross

Died: 1972

1914-1918 Notes: As above

Ref: B. (B,N); D. p250

 

ROSSI, Alfred, Signor

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during war. RSPCA took him to court due to death of elephant.

Ref: The World’s Fair, 15/12/17

 

ROLAND, Florence

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during war

Ref: D. p252

 

ROXBROUGH, Tom

1914-1918 Notes: 4 November 1914 Interned at Ruhleben. He had been touring with Frederick the Great at the start of the War.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 3/7/15

 

SACCOMANI, Dennis Peters, Pte

Related to: Brother to John and Walter (below)

1914-1918 Notes: 1916 in Redhill Camp., Colchester, Severely Gassed, Hospital in France

Military No.: 37688

Regiment: 2nd 10th Manchester’s BEF

Ref: D. p254; N. The World’s Fair, 3/6/16 (photo)

 

SACCOMANI, John Peters, Pte

1914-1918 Notes: 1916 in Cavalry Depot, Canterbury

Military No.: 2163,

Regiment: 6th Dragoon Guards, “D” Squadron

Ref: D. p254; N. The World’s Fair, 3/6/16 (photo)

 

SACCOMANI, Walter Peters, Pte

1914-1918 Notes: 1916 serving

Military Service #: 2810

Regiment: His Majesty’s Transport,

Ref: D. p254; N. The World’s Fair, 3/6/16 (photo)

 

SADLER, G.T.

Job: Bear man with Tyrwitt-Drake.

1914-1918 Notes: served in same unit as Tyrwitt-Drake

Regiment: Royal Veterinary Corps

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 21/7/17

 

SALDECK Troupe

Act: Cyclists

1914-1918 Notes: Performing early 1915, Calcutta with Harmston’s Circus.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 6/2/15

 

SANCHEZ, Foster

Job: Circus Artist & Musician

1914-1918 Notes: age 31 in court, for abusing/neglecting family.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair,

 

SANDOW, Eugen

Nationality: Naturalised British

Died: 1925

Job: Strongman and Physical Fitness trainer Business man

1914-1918 Notes: Business suffered as a result of German heritage. Series of court cases. Wrongly reported in Jan 1916 as German Spy executed at the The Tower of London.

Ref: B. (W D)

 

SANDOW, The Young

See: BRATBY, Richard

 

SANGER, Edward

Related to: Son of James Sanger

1914-1918 Notes: Lieut. Edward Sanger, won MC at Delville Wood, returned to circus 1919

Ref: D. p259

 

SANGER, John

Aka: Lord John

Born: 1854

Married: Rebecca Pinder

Died: 1927

Job: Circus Proprietor

1914-1918 Notes:   Sanger’s Circus was one of the largest in Britain it stopped touring in Jan/feb1917, having lost 170 horses, 47 luggage wagons to the Army and the war reducing staff from 150 to 5. In Dec 1918 he restarted circus without the wagon. The waggon’s gold was stripped off and were left to rot. This was the end of the great circus parades in Britain.

Ref: D. p258; N. The World’s Fair, 17/2/17

 

SANGER, John

Married: Lilly Ohmy, March 1916

Relation: Son of Lord John Sanger

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 11/316

 

SANGER, George, Mr.

1914-1918 Notes: At outbreak of war returned to Farm at Horley, toured for much of the war.

Ref: Multiple B. (F F)

 

SANGER, Victoria Florence”Vicki”

Born: 28 Sept 1895

Married: 1917 James Freeman, Clown

Died: 1991

Related to: Daughter of George Sanger

Job: Bareback rider

1914-1918 Notes: Performed and eloped.

Ref: D. p259

 

SANGER, George Jnr.

Married: Poppet Ginnett 18 Jan 1928

Related to: Son of George Sanger

Job: All rounder

1914-1918 Notes: School boy at Forrest Hill House until 1916, joined Suffolk Regiment, served France, de-mobed 1919

Ref: D. p258

 

SANGER, Herbert

1914-1918 Notes: With George Sanger 1914

Ref: B. (F F)

 

SARARSANI, Hans Stosch

Nationality: German

Job: Circus Propretor

1914-1918 Notes: Sarrasani Circus stopped enroute to Holland Performers from foreign countries were forced to leave if not deported. Circus stranded in Essen, returned to Dresden. Produced shows, toured to Denmark in 1915, animals used in films 1915-17. Made patriotic pantomimes.

Ref: O. CP

 

SARGENT, Frederick, Cpt

Nationality: American

1914-1918 Notes: Proposed to set up   a contingent of more than 1000 Big Top Showmen, in US Army, France Aug 1917. He recruited most of the men in Chicago at the outdoor show conventions, mainly from 3 circuses. He then managed the contingent.

Ref: N. NY Clipper, 12/9/17

 

SARONG, Madame

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during War

Ref: D. p259

 

“SARRAQUA” Blackfoot

Job: Weightlifting feats with teeth

1914-1918 Notes:

Wrongly Arrested as spy at Inverkeithing Theatre – released.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair,

 

SAWADE, Richard

Nationality: German

Born: 1867 Drossen

Job: Wild Animal Trainer

1914-1918 Notes: At outbreak of war left South America for Berlin and safety of Hagenbeck’s. Worked for duration of war, including in Sweden with Tigers, retired in 1919

Ref: B. (H L)

 

SCHERRA, Emil

Nationality: German

1914-1918 Notes: Served in German Army.

Ref: B. (O M)

 

SCHNEIDER, Captain

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during war

Ref: D. p261

 

SCHOENE, Paul

Nationality: American

1914-1918 Notes: Joined American Navy 1917

Ref: N. NY Clipper, 16/6/17

 

SCHOLES, Jack

Aka: Rabbitt, Clown

Cause O.D.:

Related to:

Job: Rider

1914-1918 Notes: Aged 17 joined up, wounded at Ypres. Injury prevented him from riding, became clown

Regiment: Royal Welsh Fusiliers,

Ref: D. p234; N. The World’s Fair, 28/7/1917

 

SCHUMANN, Herr

1914-1918 Notes: Used P.O.Ws in his show in Berlin to enact battle scene.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair 12/11/1915

 

SCOTT, George

Job: Comic Juggler

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 in Germany, Interned in Ruhleben Camp.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 26/2/16

 

SCRIBER, Baptista

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during war

Ref: D. p261

 

SEDGEWICK, Arthur

Born: 1880

Married: Harriet Clark

Died: 1961

Job: Menagerie Keeper

1914-1918 Notes: He retired his beasts to Belle Vue Zoo, Manchester

Ref: D. p265

 

SEDGEWICK, Rose

Married: Richard Kayes 24 Jan 1916

Job: Equestrienne

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during war. Two Children Norah, 1916 and Billy 1918.

Ref: D. p152

 

SELBINI, Tom

1914-1918 Notes: Performed war.

Ref: D. p265

SERANO & JUNE

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during war.

Ref: D. p265

 

SHOVELTON

Aka: “Pimple”

Died: 1918

 

SHUFFLEBOTTOM, John Potter

Aka: Texas Jack

Born: c.1899

Married: Polly Sheldon

Relation: Son of Wm. Shufflebottom

Job: Rider ‘Rifle Bill’s Wild West’

1914-1918 Notes: Performer with father’s Wild West show. Took on show in 1916. Frequently reported to military boards as evading service, but was released as he was responsible for large family of young siblings, as well as the family business. Later c.1917 with the show ponies/horses doing war work in the Hampshire forest, taking wood to the mill, for pit heads and coffins.

Ref: D. p288; F. Margaret Wilby (Niece)

 

SHUFFLEBOTTOM, Margaret

Born: c.1898

Married: 1 – John Willie Waddington, 2 – Arthur Baird

Relation: Daughter of Wm. Shufflebottom

Job: “ Red Indian” in ‘Rifle Bill’s Wild West’ show.

1914-1918 Notes: child performer being shot at by sibling “cowgirl” performers in father’s Wild West show. At age 17, in western hat, with horse and cart (Margaret says there is a film in IWM of this scene) taking hot meal to her elder brother John, c.1918, who was working in the Hampshire forrest. She was told the wood was for sea plane floats. Later realised wood also was for coffins. Said very hard work for the families circus ponies as they were “stars” not suited to the war work.

Ref: F. Margaret Wilby (Daughter)

Shufflebottom Family: Standing: twins Elizabeth & Rosina
Seated: (l-r) Tommy, Margaret, Richard and Wally.
Shuffle bottom family collection, University of Sheffield Library, National Fairground and Circus Collection, released by Margaret Wilby.

 

SHUFFLEBOTTOM, Rosina

Married: Bill Shufflebottom

Died: 1937

1914-1918 Notes: Upon William’s death Rosina stopped performing and turned her endeavours to managing the family business with her eldest son, John aka ‘Texas Jack’. They continued travelling the ‘Shufflebottom’s Wild West Show’, with 5 sons and 5 daughters, in Surrey and Sussex, until the great snowfall of 1917 wrecked their tent.

Ref: D. ? O. NFCA

 

SHUFFLEBOTTOM, William “Bill” 

Aka: “Texas Bill”

Born: 1850s

Married: Rosina Jane Bishop

Died: 1915

Cause O.D.: Cerebral hemorrhage

Buried: Milford Cemetery,

Job: Rider, Proprietor ‘Rifle Bill’s Wild West’

1914-1918 Notes: Performer until died shortly after falling from horse in the ring, Milford, Surrey. Coroner’s verdict “open” as to cause of hemorrhage (natural or accidental)

Ref: D. p288; N. The World’s Fair, & Surrey Advertiser 30/10/15; O. NFCA

 

SLAVONA, Harry

Born: 1904 Alloa

1914-1918 Notes: Debut in 1915 in Kirkcaldy Links. With Robert Fossett in 1916 at Agricultural Hall, Islington.

Ref: D. p159

 

SLAVONA, William

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during war

Ref: D. p254

 

SLOAN, Harry

Aka: Harry Yelding

Job: Stilt-walking clowns

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during war.

Ref: D. p270

 

SMART, Billy

Born: 25 April 1894

Married: Dolly

Related to: Son of Charles Smart

1914-1918 Notes:Set up as a fairground Proprietor

Ref: D. p270

 

SMITH, Charles Wilfred, Sapper

Married: Daughter of Captain Payne

Died: 31 July 1917

Act: Ex of Lomas Troupe

1914-1918 Notes: Killed in action age 30.

Regiment: Royal Engineers

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 18/8/17

 

SMITH Jackie

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during war

Ref: D. p273

 

SMITH, S Cpl.

Job: Pier Diver

1914-1918 Notes: Head of Bombing party at Hooge.

Ref: N. 3/7/15

 

SOSMAN, Jean

Nationality: Belgian

1914-1918 Notes: Refugee Circus family, fled to Britain. In court Dec 1915 for abuse of his horse. Performing at Hengler’s 1916.

Ref: N. Coventry Eve. Telg. 6/12/15

SOWLER, Arthur, Major

Born: c. 1876

Died: 1952

Job: Became Equestrian & horse trainer, Bertram Mills after war.

1914-1918 Notes: In British Armed Services then joined Mills circus after the war

Ref: D. p274

 

SPADONI, Paul

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during war

Ref: D. p274

 

“SPUD”

See: KIRK, George

 

STAFFORD, Bros.

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 in Germany, Interned in Ruhleben Camp.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 26/2/16

 

STANEY, Leo

Job: Lion Tamer

1914-1918 Notes: Jan 1917 age 19, arrested in full military uniform, charged as absentee, fined £2, handed over to military.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 13/1/17

 

STEBBING, Edwin

Born: 1882

Died: 1932

Act: Stebbing Brothers

1914-1918 Notes: Possibly Warrant Officer Class 1 Edwin A Stebbing

Military No.: 1908

Regiment: Royal Warwickshire

Ref: D. p278; O. LFW

 

STEBBING, George

Born: 1880

Died: 1945

Related to: Son of Francis John

Job: Acrobat

Act: Stebbing Brothers

1914-1918 Notes: No Information

Ref: D. p278

 

STEBBING, James Edward

Aka: Master Jackie Stebbing

Born: 1882

Died: 1932

Related to: Son of Edwin Francis

Job: Rider

Ref: D. p278

 

STEBBING, Percy W

Born: 25 Oct 1885

Married: Twice

Died: 11 May 1948

Job: Acrobat

Act: Stebbing Brothers

1914-1918 Notes: Joined 1915,

British Armed Services, injured in France and unable to take up his old profession.

Ref: D p278

 

STECKLES, John

Nationality: Danish

Born: c.1875

Ref: D. p279

 

STECKLES, Frederick

Nationality: Danish

Born: 1900

Job: Acrobat

Act: Steckles Brothers

1914-1918 Notes: Started with Circus Schmidt in 1917

Ref: D. p279

 

STEPHENSON, Frank

Job: Clown – Continental August, Rider & acrobat

1914-1918 Notes: 19 April 1915 on the way to Margate with tents etc, a lighted fire lamp set fire to hay and burned the whole lot.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 24/4/15

 

STOREY, Alice

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during war.

Ref: D. p282

 

STRASBURGER, Family

Nationality: German

1914-1918 Notes: In Sweden at outbreak of war, lost staff who all joined various armies, returned to Magdeburg.

Ref: B. (O M)

 

STYLO & Amelia SWALLOW

Act: Duo

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during war.

Ref: D. p283

 

SUTCLIFFE, Alf

1914-1918 Notes: Sutcliffe Family, doing their bit encouraging others to join up. Not sure when they will return to America.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 9/1/15

Ref: D. p282

 

SWALLOW, Johnny

Aka: Broncho Bill

Born: 1873

Died: 1945

Job: Equestrian, Proprietor

1914-1918 Notes: Wanted to hire out 50 coloured ponies for light work 1914. Trained military riders. Exempted from service as doing work of national importance – entertaining the public. Reduced size of circus during the war, then became a government horse buyer.

Ref: B. M-S R and T-W 3; D. p284

 

SWEENY, James

1914-1918 Notes: In Army. Cent chatty letters to World’s Fair listing all the people he would like to hear from.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 8/9/17, 27/10/17

 

SWIFT, William

Job: Elephant man at Tiffield (Fossett’s Farm)

1914-1918 Notes: Age 40 In breach of reserve Forces Act. Military escort from court to barracks, Northampton

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 22/4/16

 

SYDENHAM, Capt

Job: Acrobat

1914-1918 Notes: age 38 request for renewal of exemption.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 6/7/18

 

SYLVESTER, Otto

Aka: “Texas Harry”

Died: 28 Nov 1918

1914-1918 Notes: Enlisted 1914, Fought at Armentieres, badly wounded at La Bassée Returned to shows driving a tractor. Died at home, Military funeral.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 14/12/18

 

TAIBOSH, Franz

Franz Taibosh

Aka: “CLIKO”

Nationality: South African British, Korana

Job: Ethnographic

Act: Wild Dancing Bushman

1914-1918 Notes: Sideshow performer and indentured worker, Manager Hepston. Worked in Britain, Ireland Cuba and America, Possibly also Spain and Jamaica, was rescued/stolen/released in 1918 to work with RBBB.

Ref: B. (P N)

 

TAYLOR, ?

Aka: Zeedah, the Mysterious Indian Talking Head

1914-1918 Notes: In British Armed Services

Ref: B. (V T)

 

TAYLOR, Captain

1914-1918 Notes: presented Lockhart’s Elephants at Blackpool Tower Circus April 1916.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 29/4/16

 

TAYLOR, David

Act: David Taylor’s Mexican Circus

1914-1918 Notes: His Circus closed down due to the war 1914.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair,

 

TAYLOR, D. J. Bombardier

Died: 1 Aug 1917

Related to: Son of David Taylor.

1914-1918 Notes: Killed, Letter to parents from C.O. published in World’s Fair.

Regiment: Shrops RHA

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 18/8/17

 

TAYLOR, Victor Edward White

Aka: Vic Taylor

Born: 1900

Related to: Son of Zeedah

Job: Showman

1914-1918 Notes: In British Armed Services

Military No.: Royal Navy F48654, RAF 248654

Ref: B. (V T)

 

TESTO, Henry

1914-1918 Notes: Underage when he joined the Army in 1915. Fought & returned to Britain 1918 shell shocked & suffering the effects of poison gas.

Ref: O. NFCA

Pte William Testo 1/9/1917
©Photo reproduced by kind permission of The World’s Fair Ltd.

 

TESTO, William

Related to: Son of Kate & Billy Testo

1914-1918 Notes: Injured in France.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 1/9/17 (photo)

 

“TEXAS BILL”

See: Shufflebottom, William

 

“TEXAS JACK”

See: Shufflebottom, John

 

THORA, Mr

Job: Ladder Act

1914-1918 Notes: 1914 was working with Julius Seeth, and with Circus Schumann when war broke out. Interned in Ruhleben. Released after 13 months as over military age.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 26/2/16

 

TRAYLEN, Mary

Married: 1902 Frederick Wombwell

Died: 27 February 1952

1914-1918 Notes: Toured with Bostock & Wombell’s

Ref: D. p293

 

TREHERNE, WIlliam

1914-1918 Notes: Toured with EH Bostock’s Royal Italian Circus Overseas for duration of war, S. Africa and Far East.

Ref: D. p293

TRUFELLI, Francesco “Frank”

Nationality: Italian?

Married: Evelyn Chipperfrield

1914-1918 Notes: Toured with EH Bostock’s Royal Italian Circus Overseas for duration of war, S. Africa and Far East.

Ref: D. p294

 

TRUFELLI, Guiseppe

Nationality: Italian?

Died: 1937

1914-1918 Notes: Toured with EH Bostock’s Royal Italian Circus Overseas for duration of war, S. Africa and Far East.

Ref: D. p294

 

TRUZZI Family

1914-1918 Notes: Fled Russian Revolution to Constantinople

Ref: O. J

 

Sir Gerrard Tyrwhitt-Drake, 1917, Royal Veterinary Corps.

TYRWITT-DRAKE, Garrard

Born: 22 May 1881

Married: Edna Vine

Died: 24 October 1964

Job: Private zoo owner, Business man, Showman, Mayor Maidstone 12 times, JP, Knighted 1936

1914-1918 Notes: Started and closed Zoos, Took animals to USA 1915. Showed animals at showed at Worlds Fair Islington 1915. Joined Army in 1916. 21 March 1917 was a temporary captain. Given the French ‘War Lion’, Poliu, in 1918 by 17th Division. Was de-mobed after Armistice, became ill over night, spent next 3 months in hospital with the flu. Took out his 1st circus in March 1919.

Regiment: Labour Corps & Royal Veterinary Corps

Ref: B. (T-D G), N. The World’s Fair,

TUDOR, Harry

1914-1918 Notes: In British Armed Forces.

Regiment: British Flying Corps

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 21/10/16

 

URE, William

1914-1918 Notes: In British Armed Forces

Ref: D. p297

 

URMA SISTERS

1914-1918 Notes: Performing, 1915-16 Robert Fossett’s Circus Islington

Ref: D. p297

 

VALANCE, Fred

Job: Ventriloquist & conjurer

1914-1918 Notes: Entertaining troops in Malta 1916

Ref: ? 28/10/16

 

VALDO (CHADWICK), Harry

Related to: Son of Little Valdo – Clown

Job: Founded Heckenberg’s Circus in 1913

Act: Valdo Brothers

1914-1918 Notes: Hackenberg’s Circus in Waterford to start their tour on Easter Monday 1913. But at the outbreak of war they changed their name to ‘Chadwick’s circus’. Closed at the end of 1916 season in Ireland. Started tented variety show Chadwick’s Hippodrome in 1917 until 1921.

Ref: D. p57

 

VALDO, James

Related to: Son of Little Valdo – Clown

Job: Musical Clowns

Act: Valdo Brothers

1914-1918 Notes: See Valdo, Harry

Ref: D. p297-p278

 

VINCENT, Sam

Aka: Vincent the Great

Job: Balancer & gymnast

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during war, was with Chadwicks in 1916 in Ireland

Ref: D. p301

 

WALLACE, Albert George

Job: Circus Staff

1914-1918 Notes: Rounded up at Broncho Bill’s show ground 14 Aug 1917. In court for failing to produce National Registration Cards as between 17 and 18 years.

Ref: N. Reading Mercury, 25/8/17

 

WALLSER

Related to: Son of Wallser family owners of Wonderland.

Died: April 1915

1914-1918 Notes: Served France, Died at Neuve Chapelle. Was reported by World’s Fair as the first Showman Soldier to be killed.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 17/4/15

 

WALTER, Matthias

Nationality: German

Act: Animal Keeper

1914-1918 Notes: At outbreak of war on Red Sea shipping 11 elephants for Hagenbeck. Got them back to Berlin. A reservist, was called up in 1914, spent 5 months in Navy. 1915-1918 worked with Jenny the Hagenbeck’s War Elephant in German Army, Invalided out, in 1918. to return to look after sick elephants, Survived. So did Jenny.

Ref: B. (H L)

 

WARD, Joe, Pte

Job: Boxer

1914-1918 Notes: Awarded, D.C.M., Croix de Guerre, Russian military Cross.

Regiment: Manchester

Ref: B. (F F)

 

WATSON, Johnny

1914-1918 Notes: In British Armed Forces

Ref: B. (F F)

 

WETTACH, Charles Adrien

Aka: Grock

Nationality: Swiss

Born: 10 Jan 1880, Bern

Married: Louise (1), Ines (2) 1912

Died: 14 July 1959

Job: Clown, composer & musician

1914-1918 Notes: In Russia performing with Lolé his brother in law at outbreak of war, 1914 medically unfit to serve with Swiss Army, some trouble crossing continent. Was in Paris at the time of first aerial bomb. Performed in Britain and elsewhere. Successful, with a succession of partners. In 1918 took Perezoff to court for infringement of his act.

Ref: B (G); N. The World’s Fair, 15/6/18

 

WHITELEY, Ben

Born: 1901

Related to: Son of Henry A A Whiteley

1914-1918 Notes: 1914-18 Notes: Child living in Boscombe, while parents touring Britain. As soon as old enough, joined family act c.1916. For a while was presented as girl acrobat with younger brother Harold when he joined act in 1917. Performed to end of war.

Ref: B. (W HAA)

 

WHITELEY, Benjamin Albert

Aka: Five Whiteleys

Born: 2 Dec 1902

Died: 26 April 1976

Related to: 2nd son of James Whiteley

1914-1918 Notes: Debut at George Gilbert’s Hippodrome 25 Jan 1915, 1st date in London 1917

Ref: B. (W HAA) D. p308 (some confusion as this is a big family D. says son of AA Whiteley)

 

WHITELEY, Harold Alexander

Born: 1903

Related to: Son of Henry Whiteley

1914-1918 Notes:Child living in Boscombe, while parents touring Britain. Joined family act c.1917 replacing brother who went to the Army. For a while was presented as girl acrobat with younger brother Ben. Performed to end of war.

Ref: B. (W HAA)

 

Henry Allen Alexander Whiteley

WHITELEY, Henry Allen Alexander

Born: 1872, Italy

Related to: Son of John Allen Whiteley

Job: Acrobat with various family troupes

Act: the Whiteley Five, Henry Whiteley Trio,

Census: 1911 41 Norton St Liverpool:

Leonora C (Wife), Paul age 4 and Harold age 7, Leonora Flor., age 2.

1914-1918 Notes: Playing at the Pavilion Ashington, as the Henry Whiteley Trio, when war broke out. In 1916 performed as the Henry Whiteley Four with wife and 2 sons, Harry and Ben (b. 1901) now old enough to perform without a licence. In 1917 replaced son, ‘Harry’, who joined up in 1917, with a younger son, Harold (b. 1903). In the new act, Ben & Harold were both dressed as girls and had to have their own long hair curled each night, eventually rebelled and then performed as boys. In early 1918 aged 46, was passed fit for military service. Did some labour in a foundry London, applied for deferment, appeal heard in Aug 1918, given 3 months exemption to 10 Nov.

Ref: B. (W HAA), Note: There was a Henry and a Harry.

 

WHITELEY, Henry Emilio “Harry”

Born: 16 Aug 1899,

Died: 1971 Colchester

Related to: Son of Henry Whiteley

Job: Acrobat

Act: Henry Whiteley Trio,

1914-1918 Notes: Performed with family, left the troupe at Grimsby to join up in 1917. Survived war

? Military Service #: S/45873

? Regiment: Rifle Brigade, Rifleman

Ref: B. (W HAA), #? LFW

 

WHITELEY, J Pte

1914-1918 Notes: served ( a J Whiteley was killed France 1 July, age 17.)

Military Service #: 10958

Regiment: 15th Batt., D.C., Lancs. F.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 28/8/15

 

WHITELEY, Leonora Catalina

nee Gregory.

Born: 1875, Argentina

Married: Henry A A Whiteley

Related to: Daughter of Lorina Matthews and Arthur Gregory

Job: Acrobat,

Act: Henry Whiteley Trio

1914-1918 Notes: August 1914, returned to family act following operation. 13 August 1915 gave birth to Raymond (last son) at 8 Wynne Road, during a Zeppelin raid, with a bomb landing in nearby Brixton Road. Rejoined the act as soon as possible, performing until the end of the war. 1918, while husband working as labourer, performed with 2 sons.

Ref: B. (W HAA)

 

WHITELEY, T. Pte

1914-1918 Notes: Served

Military Service #: 13174

Regiment: 1st Salford Battalion of the Lancashire Fusiliers

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 1/5/15 (photo)

 

WHITELEY, W., Pte

1914-1918 Notes: Killed in action age 17.

Regiment: 15th Batt., D.C., Lancs. F.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 29/7/16 (photo)

 

WILLIAMS”

Job: Clown

1914-1918 Notes: French soldier, awarded cross of the Legion of Honour for bravery. c. 1914

Ref: N. Standard and The World’s Fair 28/11/14

 

WILLIAMS, Albert

Born Antonio, Jamaica

Aka: Albert Maccoma

Realtion: Grandson of William Maccomo

Job: With Buff Bill’s Circus.

1914-1918 Notes: In court in Macroom, N. Ireland, charged with disorderly behaviour in 1916 working Mrs Collin’s lion show.

Ref: D. 179; N. The World’s Fair, 1916

 

WILSON, Arthur

Born: 1879

Married: 1901 Phyllis Duffy

Job: Animal Trainer, Proprietor

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during war with John Duffy and Son’s Circus in Ireland, 1917 started circus with wife.

Ref: D. p312

 

WILSON, F, Pte

Job: Various Circuses.

1914-1918 Notes: At front to fight then to Home Defense 1915

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 6/11/15

 

WILSON, William

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during War

Ref: D. p313

 

WIRTH, May

Nationality: Australian

Married: Frank White, 1919

Job: Equestrienne

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during war in Australia ‘Royal Worth Family’ , with Worth Bros. 1915-16. 1917 in America, with John Ringling Bros. as a star act.

Ref: B. (B F); D. p312

 

Fred Wombwell ( far left) attending to Zebra, Aberdeen 1917 Bostock and Wombwells, Tyne & Wear Archives – Fenwick Collection, Newcastle

WOMBWELL, Frederick Captain

Born: 29 August 1877

Died: 4 May 1942

Job: Animal Trainer

1914-1918 Notes: Worked with Bostock & Wombell’s Menagerie for duration of war

Ref: B. (B EH)

 

WOOD, George, Pte

Job: T. Essam

1914-1918 Notes: Friend of “Rabbitt” Served. Killed.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 28/7/17

 

WOOD, John, Pte

Related to: Brother to George Wood

Job: with T. Essam

1914-1918 Notes: Served.

Military No.: 7768,

Regiment: B.C., 27 Tent, 927 Reserves

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 26/5/17 (photo)

 

WOODWARD, Fred & Joseph, Both Captains

Job: Sea Lion Trainer

1914-1918 Notes: Dec 1916 – May 1917 trained sea lions for the Admiralty to aid submarine detection. Animals were: Barker age 3, Jumbo age 9, Toby (blind), Queenie from London Zoological Soc. and Hengler’s sea lions, Billikan, Joffrey and Derando. Otherwise presented animals throughout war.

Ref: O. (IWM, 13417) and BBC

 

WRIGLEY, H.C. Pte.

Aka: Algar

1914-1918 Notes: Killed in Action

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 9/11/18

 

YELDING, Elizabeth

Married: Tom Fossett, 1915

1914-1918 Notes: Married

Ref: D. p318

 

YELDING, Harry

Nationality:

Born: 1868

Married: Kate Hanneford

Died: 1918

Related to: Son of Thomas

Job: Equestrian, Ex Gymnast

1914-1918 Notes: Committed suicide immediately after receiving his call up papers in 1918 age 50.

Ref: Multiple D. p318

 

YELDING, John

Aka: Speedy

1914-1918 Notes: Hanneford’s circus touring West Country in 1914. With Sylvester’s Circus in the Black Country 1919.

Ref: D. p318

 

YELDING, Thomas

1914-1918 Notes: Child Performer with Fossett’s

Ref: N. The World’s Fair,

 

YELDING, W

1914-1918 Notes: In British Army, Salonica?

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 2/11/18

 

YETTA, Mlle

1914-1918 Notes: Performed during the war.

Ref: D. p320

 

YOUNG, Leslie

Job: Lion Tamer

1914-1918 Notes: Chased by police, exciting trying to avoid call up.

Ref: N. The World’s Fair, 9/9/1916

 

ZAMBA, Madame

Job: Gymnast

1914-1918 Notes: 1914/15 Performed at World’s Fair.

Ref: D. p321

 

ZASS, Alexander

Aka: Amazing Sampson

Nationality: Polish

Born: Vida, Poland

Job: Strongman

1914-1918 Notes: Served in Russian Cavalry. Taken prisoner in one campaign but escaped. Joined Schmidt’s Circus in Budapest, under an assumed name.

Ref: D. p255

 

ZAZEL

See: RITCHER

 

ZOLA, Babs

Born: 13 August 1888

Job: Acrobat

Act: Zola Brothers

1914-1918 Notes: Joined Army Veterinary Corps, was a shoeing smith, released in 1919

Regiment: Army Veterinary Corps

Ref: D. p322 and p323

 

ZOLA, Claude

Job: Acrobat

Act: Zola Brothers

1914-1918 Notes: No Information

Ref: D. p322 and p323

 

ZOLA, Jim

Born: (Eldest Brother)

Job: Acrobat

Act: Zola Brothers

1914-1918 Notes: Quickly joined up with Dick Bratby, went to France, injured. Jaw broken, requiring several operations. Was also gassed returned to England in 1918

Regiment: Kings Own Lancashire Regiment,

Ref: D. p322,323; F. Tom Sandow son of D Bratby.

 

 

«
»